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我国政府购买公共服务存在的问题及对策研究

发布时间:2018-12-19 18:39  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:20世纪以来,人类社会发展进步的节奏明显加快,民众权利意识增强,他们在各个领域有了更多的诉求。政府的职责不能再仅限于保家卫国,而应当更好的来应对公众诉求。在这种局面下,政府购买公共服务应运而生。20世纪70年代末首先在欧美国家兴起,并逐渐得到世界各国政府和人民认可,呈现出一种全球扩散的趋势。随着我国社会主义建设步伐的加快,公众需求更加专业化和多样化,政府的职能也日益增多,政府有关部门疲于应对公众复杂化的需求,这就要求政府改革现有行政体制并进行适当放权,这恰好为我国从西方引进政府购买公共服务制度提供了契机。20多年来,我国各级政府在社会主义的建设中对政府购买公共服务制度进行了积极的实践探索并取得了显著成效。但客观来说,政府向社会组织购买公共服务在我国仍处于探索阶段,不可避免的呈现出一些棘手的问题,如政府购买公共服务内部化倾向严重;法律体系不健全;购买范围狭窄且质量不高;社会组织力量薄弱等。针对这些问题,要及时采取措施,例如,明确政府职责、转变政府观念;加快法制建设,构建完善的法律体系;推进配套制度改革;培育社会组织力量等。本文分析了政府购买服务的内涵及理论基础;国内外研究现状;对我国政府购买公共服务实践进行了分析;指出了政府购买公共服务实践中存在的现实问题,最后本文针对这些问题提出了解决对策。
[Abstract]:Since the 20th century, the pace of development and progress of human society has quickened obviously, the consciousness of people's rights has been strengthened, and they have more demands in various fields. The government's role should no longer be confined to defending the country, but better responding to public demands. In this situation, government purchase of public services came into being. At the end of 1970s, it first rose in Europe and the United States, and was gradually recognized by governments and people all over the world, showing a trend of global diffusion. With the accelerated pace of socialist construction in China, the public demand is becoming more specialized and diversified, and the functions of the government are increasing day by day. The relevant government departments are struggling to cope with the complex needs of the public. This requires the government to reform the existing administrative system and appropriately delegate power, which provides an opportunity for China to introduce the system of government purchase of public services from the West for more than 20 years. In the process of socialist construction, the governments at all levels in our country have carried on the positive practice exploration to the government purchase public service system and obtained the remarkable result. But objectively speaking, the government purchase the public service from the social organization is still in the exploration stage in our country, inevitably presents some difficult problems, such as the government purchase the public service internalization tendency is serious, the legal system is not perfect; The purchase scope is narrow and the quality is not high; the social organization strength is weak and so on. To solve these problems, measures should be taken in time, for example, to clarify the responsibilities of the government, to change the concept of the government, to speed up the construction of the legal system, to build a perfect legal system, to promote the reform of the supporting system, and to cultivate the strength of the social organization. This paper analyzes the connotation and theoretical basis of government purchase of services, the current situation of research at home and abroad, the practice of government purchase of public services in China. This paper points out the practical problems existing in the practice of government purchasing public services, and finally puts forward some countermeasures to solve these problems.
【学位授予单位】:长春工业大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2017
【分类号】:D630

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