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蒙古族大学生的中华文化认同研究

发布时间:2018-12-17 17:44  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:增强中华文化认同是习近平总书记对少数民族地区民族工作提出的新要求。因此,对蒙古族大学生这一特定少数民族群体的中华文化认同展开深入研究是十分必要的,它既有利于内蒙古地区的民族团结和社会稳定,又有利于中华文化认同理论的建构。作为我国大学生群体一部分的蒙古族大学生,在中华文化认同方面,他们既有大学生群体共有的特点,又有其自身的特殊性。因为蒙古族大学生深受到中华文化与草原文化的双重影响。中华文化是中华民族共有的精神家园,草原文化是蒙古族的民族文化。中华文化包括草原文化,草原文化是中华文化的重要组成部分。草原文化为中华文化的形成与发展作出了重大贡献,中华文化为草原文化的存在与革新提供了广阔的空间与基础。中华文化既有其所含地域文化的具体性,又有超越地域文化的一般性。各民族共创共有的中华文化,恰恰就是中华文化认同的基本内容。所以,对于蒙古族大学生而言,不仅要传承草原文化,而且要深化对中华文化的认同。因为中华文化认同对于维护中国的文化安全、巩固中国团结稳定的政治局面、凝聚中国力量和实现中华民族的伟大复兴,具有十分重要的意义和价值。通过调查研究发现,蒙古族大学生的中华文化认同整体水平偏低,存在着认知与行为相分离的特点:来自不同生源地的蒙古族大学生在中华文化认同方面存在较大差异,.最突出的是来自牧区的蒙古族大学生,他们的中华文化认同水平明显低于来自农村和城市的蒙古族大学生:蒙古族大学生对草原文化的认同程度明显高于对中华文化的认同程度;蒙古族大学生与汉族大学生在中华文化认同方面存在显著性差异;蒙古族大学生的中华文化认同受到宗教信仰的影响。综合来看,中华文化影响力存在一定程度上的不足、蒙古族大学生实际利益的缩减和思想基础的弱化,是制约蒙古族大学生中华文化认同的重要因素。增强中华文化的软实力、夯实蒙古族大学生中华文化认同的利益基础、完善蒙古族大学生中华文化认同的思想保障,是增强蒙古族大学生中华文化认同的有效途径。
[Abstract]:Strengthening Chinese cultural identity is Xi Jinping's new demand for ethnic work in minority areas. Therefore, it is necessary to deeply study the Chinese cultural identity of Mongolian college students, a special minority group, which is not only conducive to the national unity and social stability in Inner Mongolia, but also conducive to the construction of the theory of Chinese cultural identity. As a part of college students in China, Mongolian college students have their own characteristics as well as their own particularities in the aspect of Chinese cultural identity. Because Mongolian college students are deeply influenced by Chinese culture and grassland culture. Chinese culture is the spiritual home shared by the Chinese nation, and grassland culture is the Mongolian national culture. Chinese culture includes grassland culture, which is an important part of Chinese culture. Grassland culture has made great contribution to the formation and development of Chinese culture, and Chinese culture has provided a broad space and foundation for the existence and innovation of grassland culture. Chinese culture has not only the concreteness of its regional culture, but also the generality of its transcendence. The common Chinese culture is precisely the basic content of Chinese cultural identity. Therefore, for Mongolian college students, we should not only inherit grassland culture, but also deepen the recognition of Chinese culture. Because Chinese cultural identity is of great significance and value for safeguarding China's cultural security, consolidating China's political situation of unity and stability, condensing Chinese strength and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Through investigation, it is found that the overall level of Chinese cultural identity of Mongolian college students is on the low side, and there is a separation between cognition and behavior: there are great differences in Chinese cultural identity among Mongolian college students from different places of origin. Most prominent are Mongolian college students from pastoral areas. Their level of Chinese cultural identity is obviously lower than that of Mongolian college students from rural and urban areas: the level of Mongolian students' identification with grassland culture is obviously higher than that of Chinese culture; There are significant differences between Mongolian college students and Han students in Chinese cultural identity, and the Chinese cultural identity of Mongolian college students is influenced by religious beliefs. To sum up, the influence of Chinese culture is deficient to a certain extent. The reduction of the actual interests and the weakening of the ideological basis of Mongolian college students are the important factors restricting the Chinese cultural identity of Mongolian college students. It is an effective way to strengthen the Chinese cultural identity of Mongolian college students by strengthening the soft power of Chinese culture, ramming the interest foundation of Chinese cultural identity of Mongolian college students, and perfecting the ideological guarantee of Chinese cultural identity of Mongolian college students.
【学位授予单位】:北京科技大学
【学位级别】:博士
【学位授予年份】:2016
【分类号】:G641

【参考文献】

相关期刊论文 前2条

1 唐晓燕;;大学生中华民族文化认同的缺失与提升[J];湖南社会科学;2010年06期

2 孙金年;论当代中华民族精神[J];南京师大学报(社会科学版);2000年03期

相关硕士学位论文 前1条

1 高宝梅;蒙古族大学生人格特征形成与发展的影响因素研究[D];内蒙古师范大学;2003年



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