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翻转课堂模式在初中英语语法教学中的应用研究

发布时间:2018-06-13 05:55

  本文选题:初中学生 + 英语语法教学 ; 参考:《贵州师范大学》2017年硕士论文


【摘要】:教育部颁布的《义务教育英语课程标准(初中部分)》指出,教师要通过创设接近实际生活的各种语境,采用循序渐进的语言实践活动,以及各种强调过程与结果并重的教学途径和方法,培养学生用英语做事情的能力。显然,新课标指导下的英语语法教学要求知识与能力并重。然而,当前的初中英语语法教学更多专注于语法知识的传递,较少重视学生语言能力的培养与提升。为此,我们需要在当前的初中英语语法教学中积极探索和尝试有效的教学模式。翻转课堂教学模式出现于2007年,最初是两位化学老师帮助缺课学生补课的一种教学实践,随后逐渐被运用于不同学科的教学中,迅猛发展为一种新颖且高效的教学模式。近年来,我国众多学者在不同学科领域内探讨了翻转课堂教学模式,但关于翻转课堂教学模式在英语语法教学中的应用研究较少。鉴于此,本文试图以建构主义学习理论、自主学习理论以及合作学习理论为指导,探究翻转课堂教学模式在初中英语语法教学中的效用。本研究的被试对象是都匀市第三中学初二年级两个班的学生,这两个班一个是控制班,另一个是实验班。在开始实验之前,笔者设计了调查问卷和英语语法测试试卷。调查问卷的结果显示,绝大多数学生以背诵语法规则为学习语法的主要方式,这让他们不喜欢语法学习,而为了通过考试他们又不得不重视语法学习;而语法测试的结果则反映出他们运用语法知识的能力较差,故他们在语法考试中失分严重。为此,笔者在实验班的语法教学中做出如下安排:首先,教师选取精炼、生动的语法教学视频并准备相应的语法拓展练习材料;其次,要求学生在课前观看教学视频并完成拓展练习,但教师会提供在线帮助;最后,学生在完成练习的同时提出疑问和难点,在课堂上与老师一起讨论并找出解决办法。对于控制班的学生,笔者则继续采用原来的课堂教学模式。通过研究发现,翻转课堂教学模式有助于改善初中学生的语法学习方式,有效解决他们在英语语法学习中遇到的问题,培养他们的语法学习兴趣,从而改变他们当中许多人对英语语法学习的态度。此外,翻转课堂教学模式有助于改善初中学生的语法运用能力,提高他们的英语语法成绩。
[Abstract]:The English Curriculum Standard for compulsory Education (Junior Middle School part) issued by the Ministry of Education points out that teachers should adopt gradual and progressive language practice activities by creating various contexts close to the actual life. And all kinds of teaching approaches and methods which emphasize both process and result to cultivate students' ability to do things in English. Obviously, English grammar teaching under the guidance of the new curriculum requires both knowledge and ability. However, the current grammar teaching in junior high school focuses more on the transfer of grammar knowledge and less on the cultivation and improvement of students' language competence. Therefore, we need to actively explore and try the effective teaching mode in the current grammar teaching in junior high school. The flipping classroom teaching model appeared in 2007, it was a kind of teaching practice that two chemistry teachers helped the absent students to make up lessons at first, then it was gradually applied in the teaching of different subjects, and developed into a novel and efficient teaching mode. In recent years, many scholars in China have explored the flipping classroom teaching model in different disciplines, but there is little research on the application of the flipping classroom teaching model in English grammar teaching. In view of this, this paper attempts to explore the effectiveness of the flipping classroom teaching model in English grammar teaching in junior high school under the guidance of constructivism learning theory, autonomous learning theory and cooperative learning theory. The subjects of this study are two classes of Grade two in Duyun No. 3 Middle School, one is the control class, the other is the experimental class. Before the experiment, the author designed the questionnaire and the English grammar test paper. The results of the questionnaire show that the majority of students use reciting grammar rules as the main way to learn grammar, which makes them dislike grammar learning, and they have to pay attention to grammar learning in order to pass the examination. The result of grammar test shows that they have poor ability to use grammar knowledge, so they lose scores badly in grammar test. For this reason, the author makes the following arrangements in the grammar teaching of the experimental class: first, the teacher selects the concise, vivid grammar teaching video and prepares the corresponding grammar expansion exercises; secondly, Students are required to watch the video before class and complete the expansion exercises, but the teacher will provide online help; finally, students will complete the exercises at the same time ask questions and difficulties, and discuss with the teacher in the classroom and find solutions. For the students in the control class, the author continues to adopt the original classroom teaching model. It is found that the flipping classroom teaching model is helpful to improve the grammar learning style of junior middle school students, solve the problems they encounter in English grammar learning, and cultivate their interest in grammar learning. In order to change many of them on English grammar learning attitude. In addition, the flipping classroom teaching model can improve junior high school students' grammar application ability and improve their English grammar scores.
【学位授予单位】:贵州师范大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2017
【分类号】:G633.41;G434

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