当前位置:主页 > 外语论文 > 英语论文 >

语用学视角下《呼啸山庄》中的会话含义分析

发布时间:2019-03-07 20:14
【摘要】:英国女作家艾米莉·勃朗特的小说《呼啸山庄》是一部世界经典文学作品。小说中独特的语言魅力及生动的人物形象打动了一代又一代的读者。在这部小说中,人物的日常交际主要是通过对话实现的,因此研究这部作品中的人物对话十分必要。本文回顾了19世纪和现当代关于艾米莉·勃朗特和《呼啸山庄》的文学研究和批评,提出运用语用学理论分析《呼啸山庄》中会话含义的可行性和必要性。本文使用的语用理论是格莱斯的合作原则,里奇的礼貌原则和布朗和莱文森的间接礼貌策略理论。本文详细阐述了这三个理论,并解释了它们之间的关系,为分析小说中会话含义提供了清晰的理论框架和研究工具。合作原则解释了会话含义如何产生和理解;礼貌原则解释了人们违反合作原则而采用间接方式表达真正含义的原因;间接礼貌策略解释了产生不同会话含义的对话的语言形式上的实现方式。本文运用上述语用学理论对小说《呼啸山庄》里精选出的大量典型对话中的会话含义进行了详细剖析。根据间接礼貌策略在小说中的不同语言实现方式将这些对话进行了分类和比较分析。本文主要对以下两个问题进行研究:(1)通过分析《呼啸山庄》中小说人物之间违反合作原则的对话,可以推断出怎么样的会话含义,以及分析出人物违反合作原则,采用间接表达方式,制造会话含义的原因。小说人物违反合作原则主要是为了顾及到交谈者的面子问题以及言语交际中的礼貌原则。为了减少对交谈者的面子威胁,他们往往使用看似礼貌的言语方式,隐讳的表达自己的真实想法和情感从而避免直接冲突或尴尬。(2)通过分析小说中人物对话中的会话含义,进而总结出小说中各个人物有着怎样的性格特点。通过希斯克利夫和伊莎贝拉,小林顿和哈里顿之间的对话分析出希斯克利夫对他们的讽刺和厌恶,进而推断出希斯克利夫是一个残忍无情,心狠手辣而且性格暴躁的人;通过凯瑟琳和伊莎贝拉,希斯克利夫和林顿之间的对话,可以分析出凯瑟琳对伊莎贝拉的嫉妒和怨恨,对希斯克利夫充满了强烈的爱与恨和对林顿的无视和冷漠,从而推断出凯瑟琳是一个自私和虚荣的人。小说主题爱与恨在男女主人公之间对话隐含的会话含义中得到充分体现。本文通过从语用学角度对《呼啸山庄》里的会话含义进行解读,一方面更深层次地揭示了小说人物性格,从而有助于读者更好地理解和欣赏小说。另一方面丰富了传统的对艾米莉·勃朗特的研究,并拓宽了语用学在文学领域的应用。
[Abstract]:The novel Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte, an English woman writer, is a classic literary work of the world. The unique language charm and vivid characters in the novel moved the readers from generation to generation. In this novel, the daily communication of characters is mainly achieved through dialogue, so it is necessary to study the dialogue of characters in this novel. This paper reviews the literary research and criticism of Emily Bronte and Wuthering Heights in the 19th century and modern times, and puts forward the feasibility and necessity of analyzing conversational implicature in Wuthering Heights with the theory of pragmatics of operational terms. The pragmatic theory used in this thesis is Gracie's Cooperative principle, Richie's Politeness principle and Brown's and Levinson's indirect Politeness Strategy Theory. This paper expounds these three theories in detail and explains the relationship between them, which provides a clear theoretical framework and research tools for the analysis of conversational implicature in the novel. Cooperation principle explains how conversational implicature is produced and understood, politeness principle explains the reason why people use indirect ways to express real meaning in violation of cooperative principle. Indirect politeness strategies explain the linguistic implementation of dialogue with different conversational implicature. This paper makes a detailed analysis of the conversational implicature in a large number of typical dialogues selected in Wuthering Heights by using the above pragmatic theory. This paper classifies and compares these dialogues according to the different language implementations of indirect politeness strategies in the novel. This paper mainly studies the following two issues: (1) by analyzing the dialogue between the characters in Wuthering Heights who violate the principle of cooperation, we can infer what kind of conversational implicature, and analyze the violation of the principle of cooperation between the characters. Indirect expression is used to create the cause of conversational implicature. Novel characters violate the principle of cooperation mainly in order to take into account the face of the interviewer and the politeness principle in verbal communication. In order to reduce the threat of face to the interviewer, they tend to use seemingly polite ways of speaking. We can avoid direct conflict or embarrassment by implicitly expressing our true thoughts and feelings. (2) by analyzing the conversational implicature of the characters in the novel, we can sum up the character characteristics of each character in the novel. Through the dialogue between Heathcliff and Isabella, Little Linton and Hareton, the author analyzes Heathcliff's satire and disgust towards them, and then infers that Heathcliff is a cruel, cruel and grumpy man; Through the dialogue between Catherine and Isabella, Heathcliff and Linton, it can be found that Catherine's jealousy and resentment towards Isabella, the strong love and hate for Heathcliff, and the disregard and indifference to Linton, It was thus inferred that Catherine was a selfish and vain person. The theme of love and hate in the novel is fully embodied in the conversational implicature of the dialogue between the protagonists and protagonists. This paper interprets the conversational implicature in Wuthering Heights from the perspective of pragmatics, on the one hand, it reveals the character of characters in the novel at a deeper level, thus helping readers to better understand and appreciate the novel. On the other hand, it enriches the traditional study of Emily Bronte and widens the application of pragmatics in literature.
【学位授予单位】:南昌航空大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2017
【分类号】:H313

【参考文献】

相关期刊论文 前10条

1 李颖;;课堂会话的合作原则与交锋原则[J];中国外语;2015年02期

2 韩健;;合作原则对法律文本翻译的指导作用[J];外语学刊;2014年05期

3 宋洪波;付京京;;从合作原则的违反剖析小说《呼啸山庄》中的人物对话[J];长春理工大学学报(社会科学版);2013年04期

4 肖曼琼;;论合作原则在文学翻译中的运用[J];外语与外语教学;2009年01期

5 封宗信;;格莱斯原则四十年[J];外语教学;2008年05期

6 高继海;;《呼啸山庄》的主题与叙事[J];外国文学研究;2008年03期

7 尤碧珍;郑艳;;违反会话合作原则所表达出的语用意义——从《呼啸山庄》看会话合作原则的违反[J];山东教育学院学报;2007年01期

8 赵辉辉;;现代主义与浪漫主义完美结合的典范——《呼啸山庄》艺术魅力再探[J];理论月刊;2006年09期

9 张明明;;爱与恨的火焰——从希刺克厉夫和曹七巧看作家的人性选择[J];绥化学院学报;2005年06期

10 张云军;沈景奎;;《呼啸山庄》多重主题的再阐释[J];长春工业大学学报(社会科学版);2005年04期

相关会议论文 前1条

1 董世荣;;会话合作原则在人物性格分析中的应用——以电影脚本《呼啸山庄》人物对话分析为例[A];福建省外国语文学会2008年年会论文集[C];2008年



本文编号:2436420


论文下载
论文发表
教材专著
专利申请


    下载步骤:
    1.微信扫码,备注编号 2436420.
    2.
    点击下载


    本文链接:http://www.bigengculture.com/waiyulunwen/yingyulunwen/2436420.html

    ×
    论文发表,推荐期刊