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基于动态对等的科普文《进化:对人类的影响及其重要性》翻译报告

发布时间:2019-03-15 17:36  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:本文是一篇英译汉翻译报告,重点选取了对Daniel J.Fairbanks的科普著作Evolving:The Human Effect and Why It Matters第一、二章的翻译作为案例分析对象。科普文是科技文的一个重要分支,语言特点兼具了科学性、文学性、通俗性和趣味性。这种独特的语言特点会给译者在翻译过程中造成种种困难,比如,对具有文学特点句子的处理、长难句的处理以及术语方面的处理等。此外,科普文以传递信息为主,旨在将科学知识普及大众。为了吸引更多的读者,在科普翻译过程中将读者的感受考虑在内是十分有必要的。鉴于此,笔者在此次翻译实践中采用了尤金.奈达的动态对等理论。首先,动态对等理论不仅侧重传递原文的意义,同时也将读者的感受考虑在内。其次,在翻译操作方面,奈达在动态对等理论中提出的一套翻译步骤,包括分析、传译、重组和检验,可以对译者的翻译过程进行指导,并且帮助译者实现译文和原文动态对等的标准。将这一套翻译步骤用到翻译实践中,并指导译者解决翻译实践中所遇到的问题是本文讨论的重点。在翻译步骤中,分析指的是对翻译原文的表层结构进行分析;传译,即将所分析的信息转换成目标语言的过程。并且,在信息传译过程中在必要时需要对译文进行语义调整和结构调整,在调整的过程中涉及到语义成分的重新分布、上下文的增补、调整语序、单复数一致、主动与被动转换等翻译策略;重组,指的是根据语体、话语结构等,对译文的语言进行重新组织;检验,则是从翻译的准确性、可懂性以及语体的对等性等方面出发,检查译文是否实现了与原文的动态对等。尤金.奈达在每个步骤中都提供了具体的操作方法,以便指导译者在翻译过程中实现动态对等。本文通过大量实例展示了译者是如何根据动态对等理论的翻译步骤以及翻译策略,分析和克服本翻译实践中所遇到的困难,逐步实现译文与原文的动态对等。实践证明,动态对等理论在解决具有文学性的句子翻译、长难句的翻译、术语的翻译等方面具有很强的适用性。因此,笔者认为动态对等对本次翻译实践有很好的指导作用。
[Abstract]:This paper is an English-to-Chinese translation report, focusing on the translation of the first and second chapters of Daniel J.Fairbanks 's popular science book, Evolving:The Human Effect and Why It Matters, as a case study. Coptic text is an important branch of scientific and technological literature, the language features both scientific, literary, popular and interesting. This unique linguistic feature will cause various difficulties to the translator in the process of translation, for example, the processing of sentences with literary characteristics, the processing of long difficult sentences and the processing of terms and so on. In addition, popular science is aimed at spreading scientific knowledge to the general public. In order to attract more readers, it is necessary to take readers' feelings into account in the process of popular science translation. In view of this, the author adopts Eugene in this translation practice. Nida's dynamic equivalence theory. First of all, dynamic equivalence theory not only focuses on transmitting the meaning of the original text, but also takes readers' feelings into account. Secondly, in the aspect of translation operation, a set of translation steps proposed by Nida in the theory of dynamic equivalence, including analysis, interpretation, reorganization and testing, can guide the translator's translation process. It also helps the translator to realize the criterion of dynamic equivalence between the translation and the original text. It is the focus of this paper to apply this set of translation steps to translation practice and to guide the translator to solve the problems encountered in translation practice. In the process of translation, analysis refers to the analysis of the surface structure of the source text and the process of translating the analyzed information into the target language. In addition, semantic adjustment and structural adjustment are necessary in the process of information interpretation, which involves the redistribution of semantic components, the addition of context, the adjustment of word order, and the consistency of single and complex numbers, which are related to the redistribution of semantic components, the addition of context, the adjustment of word order and the consistency of single and plural numbers. Translation strategies such as active and passive translation; Reorganization refers to the re-organization of the translated language according to the style and the structure of the discourse. From the aspects of accuracy, intelligibility and stylistic equivalence, the test is to check whether the translation has achieved dynamic equivalence with the original text. Eugene. Nida provides specific methods of operation in each step to guide the translator to achieve dynamic equivalence in the translation process. In this paper, a large number of examples are given to show how the translator can analyze and overcome the difficulties encountered in the translation practice according to the translation steps and strategies of the dynamic equivalence theory, and gradually realize the dynamic equivalence between the translated text and the original text. Practice has proved that the theory of dynamic equivalence has strong applicability in solving the problems of literary sentence translation, long difficult sentence translation, term translation and so on. Therefore, the author thinks that dynamic equivalence has a good guiding effect on the translation practice.
【学位授予单位】:电子科技大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2017
【分类号】:H315.9

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