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英语语言学专业硕士论文结论部分中的及物性对比分析

发布时间:2018-06-13 02:49  文章来源:笔耕文化传播

  本文选题:结论 + 及物性系统 ; 参考:《山东师范大学》2012年硕士论文


【摘要】:近年来,作为硕士学位论文质量评估重要因素的论文摘要和结论部分逐渐成为学者们竞相研究的课题。而结论部分又因其客观性,科学性和概括性直接决定着硕士论文的质量。国内外学者专家们已从多种语言学角度对硕士论文结论部分做过各种有价值的研究。在本文中,作者将系统功能语言学的理论引入到英语语言学专业硕士论文结论的分析评价中,并将主要研究点锁定在及物性系统。及物性系统是研究语篇概念功能强有力的工具,,在此之前,它已经被广泛应用到了文学语篇,科技语篇,以及大众语篇的分析当中。在及物性系统的理论框架下,作者将进行针对英语语言学专业硕士论文结论部分的中美对比研究。 论文所用语料选自著名国外学位论文检索平台PQDD及国内学位论文检索平台CNKI。作者在PQDD中选取英语为母语者所撰写的十五篇英语语言学专业研究生论文结论,另在CNKI中选取十五篇中国英语语言学专业研究生所撰写的学位论文结论。为了保证研究的信度,所选语篇均来自中美较有声望的大学,且论文发表日期限定在2009至2011年。作者对硕士论文结论部分及物性的研究从宏观和微观两个方面展开。在宏观方面着重对比及物性过程在中美语言学硕士论文结论部分的分布情况,所占比例,过程,参与者,环境成分的组织情况。这种分析是通过UAM Corpus Tool这种方便的统计工具来完成的。将文本输入,分割,标注后,此软件能自动统计出各种过程或其他成分的相互关系。正因如此,分析的信度大大提高。微观角度的研究着眼于不同过程的特点与及物性隐喻,这对清楚呈现中美学者运用及物性系统表达概念功能的异同有重要作用。 文章试图回答如下问题:硕士论文结论中存在哪些及物性过程?比例多少?中美硕士论文结论在及物性方面有什么相同点和不同点?及物性隐喻在结论中是如何体现的,中美有何差异? 通过对所选中语篇及物性分析及数据统计,本文得出以下结论:中美结论在及物性方面存在共同点和不同点。在结论中主要出现了关系过程、物质过程、心理过程,其中物质过程所占的比例最高。但母语为英语者的论文结论中物质过程所占比例要小于中国研究者的论文,而在关系过程中,情况恰恰相反。诸如此类的差别可以归结于中外研究者在论文结论部分的侧重点有所不同:中国研究者往往更注重总结归纳自己的研究结果,而外国学者更多致力于描述研究的意义及其对未来研究的影响。通过对及物性系统其他要素,如参与者,环境要素的细致分析,作者逐步归纳出了中外研究生论文结论部分的及物性特点。及物性隐喻作为所有隐喻中最高级语言能力的体现在结论中占一定频率,但相较于母语英语者,非母语英语者对及物性隐喻的运用较少且形式单一,内容不灵活。 综上所述,本研究丰富了系统功能语言学领域下及物性系统的理论,并对中国学生及学者进行论文结论写作及英语写作、阅读教学有一定的借鉴作用。
[Abstract]:In recent years, abstracts and conclusions, which are important factors for the quality evaluation of master's degree papers, have gradually become the subject of research by scholars. The conclusion is directly determined by its objectivity, scientificity and generality. Scholars at home and abroad have made a variety of linguistic perspectives on the conclusion of the master's thesis. In this paper, the author introduces the theory of systemic functional linguistics to the analysis and evaluation of the conclusion of the master's thesis in the major of English linguistics, and loclocks the main research points in the transitivity system. The transitivity system is a powerful tool for the study of the conceptual function of the text. Before this, it has been widely used. Under the theoretical framework of transitivity system, the author will carry out a contrastive study on the conclusion of the master's thesis of the English linguistics major in the theoretical framework of the transitivity system.
The papers are selected from the famous foreign degree thesis retrieval platform PQDD and the CNKI. author of the domestic dissertation retrieval platform in the PQDD selection of fifteen English linguistics major postgraduate conclusions written by native speakers of English. In addition, fifteen Chinese English major postgraduates are selected in CNKI. In order to ensure the reliability of the research, the selected texts are all from the more prestigious universities in China and the United States, and the date of publication is limited to 2009 to 2011. The author's research on the transitivity of the conclusion of the thesis is from two aspects of macro and micro aspects. The distribution, the proportion, the process, the participants, the organization of the environmental components. This analysis is done by the convenient statistical tool of UAM Corpus Tool. After the text is entered, divided, and annotated, the software can automatically count the relationships of various processes or other components. The study of view angle is focused on the characteristics of different processes and transitive metaphors, which plays an important role in clearly presenting the similarities and differences between Chinese and American scholars in the use of transitivity system to express conceptual functions.
The article tries to answer the following questions: what transitivity process in the conclusion of the master's thesis? What are the similarities and differences in transitivity? How does transitive metaphor reflect in the conclusion, and what is the difference between China and the United States?
Through the analysis of the transitivity and data statistics of the selected discourse, this paper draws the following conclusions: the conclusion is common and different in transitivity. In the conclusion, the relationship process, the material process and the psychological process are the highest in the conclusion, but the material process is the highest in the conclusion. The proportion is less than the Chinese researchers' papers, but in the relationship process, the situation is the opposite. The differences can be attributed to the differences between Chinese and foreign researchers in the conclusion part of the paper: Chinese researchers tend to pay more attention to summarizing their research results, and foreign scholars are more devoted to describing the significance of the research. Through the careful analysis of other elements of transitivity system, such as participants and environmental factors, the author gradually concludes the transitivity of the conclusion part of the Chinese and foreign postgraduate thesis. Transitive metaphor, as the most advanced language in all metaphors, accounts for a certain frequency, but is compared to the mother tongue. English speakers and non native English speakers use less transitive metaphors and are not flexible in form.
To sum up, this study enriches the theory of transitivity system in the field of systemic functional linguistics, and has a certain reference to Chinese students and scholars in the conclusion of thesis writing and English writing.
【学位授予单位】:山东师范大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2012
【分类号】:H319

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