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应用语言学硕士学位论文引言的语类对比分析

发布时间:2018-08-22 08:29  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:体裁分析理论作为一门新兴的语篇分析理论,已经受到学术界一直关注。在应用语言学界,该研究方法的焦点在于对学术语篇的分析。在学术语篇的各个语类中,引言部分作为文章的开局,起到了开启全篇,引领读者的诸多作用,在学术写作中是极其重要而又困难棘手的,然而学者们对该领域的跨语言对比研究相对不足,尤其是对篇幅较长,结构较为复杂的硕士论文引言的研究。 本文的研究方法是基于体裁分析理论的实证研究。研究语料分别来源于CNKI和ProQuest的应用语言学方向硕士论文,共计90篇(加拿大作者45篇;中国作者45篇)。以CARS模式为主要理论框架对其引言部分的宏观结构进行定量分析。研究结果同时发现,不同文化背景下的作者在写作上存在一定的差异:(1)与中国作者相比,加拿大作者更倾向于使用信息标题。(2)比起Move 2,两类作者更多的使用了Move 1和Move 3;尽管M1-M2-M3仍是两库的主要分布序列,但是也出现了其他的序列的变体,如M3-M2-M1和M1-M3-M2;加拿大作者引言语步的平均分布要长于中国作者。(3)在整体结构上,CARS模式未能有效适用于两库所出现的体裁特征;两库作者倾向于频繁使用某些语步而忽视了另外一些语步。基于两库引言总体结构特点以及新出现语步的特征,本文对CARS模式作了进一步的修正,以期能够用来分析应用语言学硕士论文。本文的研究有助于丰富学术语篇的对比研究,同时也对应用语言学专业学位论文的写作具有一定的借鉴意义。
[Abstract]:As a new discourse analysis theory, genre analysis theory has been paid much attention by academic circles. In the field of applied linguistics, the focus of this research approach is the analysis of academic texts. Among the various categories of academic discourse, the introduction, as the beginning of the article, plays a great role in opening the whole text and leading the readers. It is extremely important and difficult in academic writing. However, the cross-linguistic contrastive research in this field is relatively insufficient, especially for the introduction of long and complicated master's thesis. The research method of this paper is an empirical study based on genre analysis theory. The research corpus is derived from CNKI and ProQuest's Master's thesis in Applied Linguistics, with a total of 90 articles (45 Canadian and 45 Chinese). Taking the CARS model as the main theoretical framework, the macro structure of the introduction is quantitatively analyzed. At the same time, it is found that there are some differences in writing between writers from different cultural backgrounds: (1) compared with Chinese writers, Canadian authors tend to use information titles. (2) the authors of both categories use Move 1 and Move 3 more than Move 2; while M1-M2-M3 is still the main distributed sequence of the two libraries, there are variations of other sequences. For example, M3-M2-M1 and M1-M3-M2; the average distribution of speech steps of Canadian authors is longer than that of Chinese authors. (3) the cars model can not be effectively applied to the genres of the two libraries in terms of overall structure; The authors tend to use some steps frequently and ignore others. Based on the characteristics of the general structure of the two libraries and the features of the emerging steps, this paper further modifies the CARS model so that it can be used to analyze the Master's thesis in Applied Linguistics. The present study is helpful to enrich the contrastive study of academic discourse, and it is also useful for the writing of academic theses in applied linguistics.
【学位授予单位】:东华大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2011
【分类号】:H052

【引证文献】

相关期刊论文 前1条

1 张国强;;学术论文中第一人称指示语的使用探讨——以硕士学位论文概述为例[J];海外英语;2012年14期



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