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故事还原历史:《追踪埃及迷城》中真实再现手法的研究

发布时间:2019-01-11 09:14
【摘要】:1922年,美国导演弗拉哈迪的《北方的纳努克》开始公映,从此它就被公认是世界上的第一部纪录片。法国的评论家们给予了高度评价,将其与古希腊戏剧相提并论,人类的影像世界因而被划分成了两个截然不同的领域:真实纪录的纪录片和虚拟剧情的故事片。1 在中国新世纪的第一个十年,以英国广播公司为代表的海外纪录片大量引进中国,让中国纪录片领域花样翻新、创新不断。最为突出的是“真实再现”这一表现手法向前迈进了一步,搬演的尺度得到极大拓展,出现了大量的人物对话,剧情再现的使用也越来越多,因此“真实再现”也就受到了更多的关注和重视。 本文以《追踪埃及迷城》为例,从人物的扮演、人物的形象还原、场景的还原以及历史地点的还原和对比等方面来解析这部纪录片的真实再现手法。同时,该片中的真实再现具有某些主观的情感因素,从而可能导致不真实,与纪录片“真实性”的原则相悖。笔者试图在相应的分析中阐述自己对“真实再现”手法的理解、以及“真实再现”手法在今后的发展态势。 在历史题材的纪录片中,如何将逝去的历史还原,这是一个大问题,而“真实再现”不仅可以在一定程度上弥补这个缺憾,还原缺失的影像资料,同时还容易吸引观众走进纪录片中,具象地去感受曾经的历史,从而获得形象的历史知识。当然,如果一味地追求画面的丰富、情节的跌宕起伏和人物感情的渲染,势必影响到纪录片的真实性。这是真实再现手法与纪录片的真实性之间必须把握好的度。
[Abstract]:In 1922, American director Flahatti's "Nanook of the North" was released, and it has been recognized as the world's first documentary ever since. French critics praised it highly, comparing it to ancient Greek drama. The world of human images is thus divided into two distinct areas: documentaries with real records and feature films with virtual plots. 1 in the first decade of the new century in China, Overseas documentaries, represented by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), have been introduced into China in a large number, making Chinese documentaries innovative and innovative. The most outstanding is that the expression of "real representation" has taken a step forward, the scale of moving performance has been greatly expanded, a large number of character dialogues have emerged, and the use of plot reappearance has been increasing. Therefore, "real reproduction" has also been paid more attention and attention. In this paper, the author takes tracing Egypt's lost City as an example to analyze the true reappearance of the documentary from the aspects of personage, image restoration, scene restoration and historical location restoration and comparison. At the same time, the reappearance of reality in the film has some subjective emotional factors, which may lead to untruth, contrary to the principle of documentary "authenticity". In the corresponding analysis, the author tries to expound his understanding of the "real reappearance" technique and the development trend of the "real reappearance" technique in the future. In historical documentaries, how to restore the lost history is a big problem, and "true reproduction" can not only make up for this shortcoming, but also restore the missing image materials. At the same time, it is easy to attract the audience into the documentary, feel the history of the past concretely, so as to gain historical knowledge of the image. Of course, if we blindly pursue the rich picture, the plot ups and downs and the rendering of the characters' feelings, it will inevitably affect the authenticity of the documentary. This is the true reappearance technique and the documentary's authenticity must grasp the degree.
【学位授予单位】:云南大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2014
【分类号】:J952

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