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2011年CIB汉语暑期项目四年级个案研究

发布时间:2019-01-11 20:08  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:任何一种现象一定都不是单一的存在。呈现在我们眼前的现状必是纵向和横向因素共同作用的结果。正如要想在汉语推广的国际大背景下找到更合适的道路,更有效的方法,就要从对已有资源的分析挖掘中取其精华,去其糟粕。国外高校的短期汉语项目已经走过了近20个年头,至今仍在如火如荼的开展。其教学模式、理念和方法必有其特点和可取之处。对它的分析研究无论是对于该项目本身还是国内教学的开展都有积极的意义。 本文主要采用“个案研究”的方法,对2011年哥伦比亚大学汉语暑期项目(CIB)四年级的教学活动进行记录、访谈、调查及分析,从亲身经历和仔细观察中呈现CIB教学较为清晰的面貌,在个案研究的基础上,对其中的教学方法、教材编写、教学组织等问题进行细致的分析,运用有关理论,对之进行评价,并就其中一些问题提出自己的建议,希望能对该项目的长远发展提供借鉴。 本文共分为三个章节。 第一章是绪论。主要介绍选题缘由,意义,交代国内外关于该命题的研究现状。介绍主要的研究方法,研究内容,分析研究开展的可行性,可能遇到的问题和解决办法。介绍已经掌握的研究资料和已经取得的阶段性成果。 第二章是CIB四年级教学情况的个案研究。介绍项目历史与变革,教学方法与教材编写,教师与学生,教学组织与开展,教学测试与评估五大部分。每个部分都是对该项目最真实情况的反映和描述,在描述现象的同时用个别采访的方式呈现师生的教学反馈和评价,并尝试构建了教学观察图与教学模式流程图。 第三章对CIB项目的思考与建议。就CIB在教学中暴露出的问题从理论依据、安排计划和操作执行三个层面进行。在每个层面下讨论具体问题。具体涉及理论支持带来的负面影响,学生分班的不足之处。教材编写和测试存在的问题,操作执行不力和前紧后松的态度问题等。在文本分析的基础上提供了访谈材料和调查数据作为支持和佐证。 最后是全文的结语。主要是对全文的总结和回顾,提及本研究的局限,并构想可以开展的后续性研究。 研究结果既可为国内外短期汉语强化教学研究提供可靠的文献资料,又可通过研究中所折射的问题使教学中存在的不足得以比较清晰的显现,有助于管理者、教师发现问题,分析问题,解决问题。
[Abstract]:Any phenomenon must not be a single existence. The present situation before us must be the result of both vertical and horizontal factors. Just as we want to find a more suitable way and more effective method in the international context of Chinese popularization, we must take the essence from the analysis and mining of the existing resources and discard the dross. The short-term Chinese program in foreign universities has gone through nearly 20 years and is still in full swing. Its teaching mode, idea and method must have its characteristic and merit. Its analysis and research have positive significance for both the project itself and the development of domestic teaching. This paper mainly adopts the method of "case study" to record, interview, investigate and analyze the teaching activities of the fourth year of (CIB), a summer Chinese program at Columbia University in 2011. From personal experience and careful observation, the CIB teaching is clearly presented. On the basis of the case study, the teaching methods, textbook compilation, teaching organization and so on are carefully analyzed, and the relevant theories are used to evaluate them. And put forward some suggestions on some of them, hoping to provide reference for the long-term development of the project. This paper is divided into three chapters. The first chapter is the introduction. This paper mainly introduces the reason and significance of the topic, and explains the current situation of the research on the proposition at home and abroad. This paper introduces the main research methods, contents, feasibility, possible problems and solutions. This paper introduces the research materials and the achievements made in the past. The second chapter is the case study of CIB grade 4 teaching. This paper introduces the history and reform of the project, teaching methods and textbook compilation, teachers and students, teaching organization and development, teaching testing and evaluation. Each part is the reflection and description of the most true situation of the project, which describes the phenomenon and presents the teaching feedback and evaluation of the teachers and students by individual interviews, and attempts to construct the teaching observation diagram and the flow chart of the teaching model. The third chapter is about the thinking and suggestion of CIB project. In this paper, the problems exposed in CIB teaching are analyzed from three aspects: theoretical basis, planning and operation execution. Discuss specific issues at each level. Specifically related to the negative impact of theoretical support, the shortcomings of the student class. Problems existing in the compilation and testing of teaching materials, poor implementation of the operation, and the attitude of the former and later loose, etc. On the basis of text analysis, interviews and survey data are provided as supporting and supporting data. Finally, the conclusion of the full text. It is mainly a summary and review of the full text, referring to the limitations of this study, and conceiving the possible follow-up research. The results of the study can not only provide reliable literature for short-term intensive teaching of Chinese at home and abroad, but also make the shortcomings of teaching appear clearly through the problems reflected in the study, and help managers and teachers to find the problems. Analyze and solve problems.
【学位授予单位】:陕西师范大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2012
【分类号】:H195

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