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已释甲骨文会意字研究

发布时间:2019-02-12 08:42
【摘要】:我们在1100个已释甲骨文中共找出会意字226个,占已释甲骨文总字数的20.5%。通过对226个甲骨文会意字进行拆分,共拆分出140个构件,其中成字构件118个,非成字构件22个。我们对118个成字构件的构字频度进行分析,以参构次数11次为分界点,其中高频构件7个,,低频构件111个。在7个高频构件中有6个构件是与“人”相关的,这体现出汉字构形的“人本主义”特点。甲骨文会意字的构件只有表形构件和表义构件,因此甲骨文会意字的构形模式有三种,即会形合成字、形义合成字和会义合成字。在甲骨文会意字的构件中表形构件占绝对优势,而真正的表义构件则相对有限。在对甲骨文会意字构件之间的逻辑关系分析后,我们得出甲骨文会意字大致有6种构意模式,即情景描写式构意模式、动作施受式构意模式、局部彰显式构意模式、修饰限定式构意模式、同体复合式构意模式和指向式构意模式。
[Abstract]:We found 226 words of understanding in 1100 oracle bones, accounting for 20.5% of the total number of words. Based on the separation of 226 oracle bone inscriptions, 140 components were obtained, of which 118 were composed of character components and 22 were non-character components. The frequency of construction of 118 word-forming components is analyzed, and the 11 times of parameter construction are taken as the dividing points, of which 7 are high frequency components and 111 are low frequency components. Six of the seven high-frequency components are related to "human", which reflects the "humanism" of Chinese character configuration. There are only form components and semantic components in oracle bone inscriptions. Therefore, there are three kinds of structure patterns of oracle inscriptions, that is, conformable synthetic characters, synonymous characters and synonymous characters. Among the components of oracle bone inscription, the form component is dominant, but the real meaning component is relatively limited. Based on the analysis of the logical relationship among the components of the oracle bone inscriptions, it is concluded that there are about six kinds of structural meaning patterns in oracle bone inscriptions, namely, situational description, action receiving, partial manifesting, and so on. Modifies the limited construction mode, the same body compound construction pattern and the direction construction pattern.
【学位授予单位】:新疆师范大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2012
【分类号】:H122

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1 徐山;释“曹”[J];德州学院学报;2005年03期

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3 徐山;;释“

本文编号:2420264


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