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论《盲刺客》的叙事聚焦与叙事声音

发布时间:2019-01-12 09:58  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:玛格丽特·阿特伍德是加拿大当代著名的诗人、小说家和文学评论家,被誉为“加拿大文学女王”。她勤奋多产,声誉极高,赢得了加拿大国内、国外读者的广泛关注。她的作品包揽各种国际奖项,还于2013年与艾丽丝·门罗同被提名诺贝尔文学奖在加国的热门候选人。2000年,她的第十部长篇小说《盲刺客》为她摘下了英国布莱克奖(素有“英国诺贝尔奖”之称)的桂冠。 《盲刺客》讲述了一个家族近一个世纪的兴衰史。值得注意的是,书中的主要人物都为女性。至今,对《盲刺客》的研究主要集中于主题、人物形象、性别、生态及政治思想。很少有人深入研究其艺术手法,如彰显其主题的叙事学艺术。书中最明显的两种叙事策略是叙事聚焦和叙事声音。一方面,相对于书中男性人物的盲视,第一人称聚焦和其他的聚焦刻画了日常生活中的细节和人物的心理活动,揭开了社会的真实面貌。人们被蒙蔽的双眼随着第一人称及其他的聚焦发现了女性被忽视、被遗忘以及被压迫的状况。另一方面,女性人物的叙事声音遵循了女性的意识,刻画了女性的语言及心理特征,塑造了女性叙事声音的权威。在《盲刺客》中,这两种策略相互补充,相互呼应,突出了女性的地位和女性意识。 论文分为五部分。第一章主要介绍玛格丽特·阿特伍德的生平、国内外对她的作品的研究、《盲刺客》的中心思想、论文的研究价值、研究方法和论文框架。第二章介绍叙事聚焦和叙事声音理论,为下文的理论分析打下基础。第三章分析了书中的叙事聚焦和叙事声音。其中,叙事聚焦分为五点;叙事声音分为两点。第四章探讨叙事聚焦和叙事声音在书中的意义。最后,第五章对论文的主要发现、意义和不足作总结。 总之,通过分析《盲刺客》的叙事聚焦和叙事声音,论文揭示了玛格丽特·阿特伍德为突出主题所采用的高超叙事策略。由于小说的新颖性和参考资料的不足,为了更加完善论文,仍需要进行更多的深入和原创的研究工作。
[Abstract]:Margaret Atwood is a famous contemporary poet, novelist and literary critic in Canada. Her diligence and prolific reputation has won the attention of readers both at home and abroad. In 2013, she was nominated for the Nobel Prize for Literature with Alice Monroe in Canada. Her tenth novel, the Blind Assassin, won the British Black Prize. The Blind Assassin tells the story of the rise and fall of a family for nearly a century. It is worth noting that the main characters in the book are women. So far, the study of Blind Assassin has focused on themes, characters, gender, ecology and political thinking. Few people deeply study its artistic techniques, such as narratology, which highlights its theme. The two most obvious narrative strategies in the book are narrative focus and narrative sound. On the one hand, compared with the blind vision of the male characters in the book, the first person focus and other focuses depict the details of daily life and the psychological activities of the characters, and reveal the true face of society. People's blinded eyes discover women's neglect, forgetfulness, and oppression with first person and other focus. On the other hand, the narrative voice of the female characters follows the female consciousness, depicts the language and psychological characteristics of the female, and shapes the authority of the female narrative voice. In Blind Assassin, these two strategies complement and echo each other and highlight the status and consciousness of women. The paper is divided into five parts. The first chapter mainly introduces Margaret Atwood's life, the research on her works at home and abroad, the central idea of the Blind Assassin, the research value of the thesis, the research methods and the framework of the thesis. The second chapter introduces narrative focus and narrative sound theory, which lays the foundation for the following theoretical analysis. The third chapter analyzes the narrative focus and narrative voice in the book. Among them, narrative focus is divided into five points and narrative voice is divided into two points. Chapter four discusses the significance of narrative focus and narrative sound in the book. Finally, the fifth chapter summarizes the main findings, significance and shortcomings of the paper. In a word, by analyzing the narrative focus and narrative sound of Blind Assassin, the paper reveals the superb narrative strategies adopted by Margaret Atwood to highlight the theme. Because of the novelty of the novel and the deficiency of reference materials, more in-depth and original research work is needed in order to perfect the thesis.
【学位授予单位】:广西师范学院
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2014
【分类号】:I711.074

【参考文献】

相关期刊论文 前2条

1 潘守文;论《盲刺客》的不可靠叙述者[J];天津外国语学院学报;2005年05期

2 尚必武;;叙述聚焦研究的嬗变与态势[J];天津外国语学院学报;2007年06期



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