当前位置:主页 > 文艺论文 > 文学创作论文 >

论《魔戒》对圣经叙事模式的摹仿

发布时间:2021-04-08 15:22
  J.R.R.托尔金的代表作《魔戒》业已在英美学术界赢得了极高的声望,被公推为欧美文学界方兴未艾的奇幻文学发展的里程碑。基于文本细读和批评回顾,本文作者发现《魔戒》的叙事模式源自于圣经。故此,本文拟运用加拿大批评家诺思洛普·弗莱提出的圣经叙事理论—圣经U型叙事理论—探究托尔金在《魔戒》中对圣经叙事模式的摹仿与借鉴。本文首先阐释弗莱基于其对圣经叙事结构的研究而提出的U型叙事理论:圣经叙事主要遵循U型模式,但同时也体现了对U型模式的魔怪式摹仿—倒U性模式,并论及托尔金本人叙事理论—乐灾与U型叙事模式的契合,从而更合理地论证托尔金对圣经叙事模式的摹仿。随后本文着重探析了《魔戒》对圣经U型叙事模式的摹仿,认为这种摹仿主要体现在托尔金对《魔戒》情节的精心安排上。托尔金对小说中三个关键人物(佛罗多、亚拉贡和甘道夫)的命运起伏,以及与此三人密切联系的三个地域(夏尔、刚铎和艾辛格)的荣辱兴衰的描写都遵循了圣经的U型叙事模式:始于幸福安宁,继而遭受灾难,但都终享福祉。再次,本文论证了《魔戒》对圣经中次要叙事模式—倒U型模式的摹仿。该作品中的邪恶力量的典型—魔戒、索伦和魔多的兴衰消亡无一例外地呈现出倒U型模... 

【文章来源】:中南大学湖南省 211工程院校 985工程院校 教育部直属院校

【文章页数】:109 页

【学位级别】:硕士

【文章目录】:
摘要
Abstract
Introduction
Chapter 1 Biblical Narrative Structure and Frye's Biblical U-shaped Narrative Theory
    1.1 Biblical Narrative Structure
    1.2 Northrop Frye's Biblical U-shaped Narrative Theory
        1.2.1 The U-shaped Narrative Pattern
        1.2.2 The Inverted U-shaped Narrative Pattern
Chapter 2 Imitation of the U-shaped Narrative Pattern in LotR
    2.1 The U-shaped Pattern Embodied in Characters' Fates
        2.1.1 Frodo:Happiness—Tribulation—Felicity
        2.1.2 Aragorn:Safety—Catastrophe—Bliss
        2.1.3 Gandalf:Serenity—Trials—Elevation
    2.2 The U-shaped Pattern Suggested in Kingdoms' Vicissitudes
        2.2.1 Shire:Peace—Disaster—Revitalization
        2.2.2 Gondor:Prosperity—Decline—Restoration
        2.2.3 Isengard:Justice—Corruption—Purification
Chapter 3 Imitation of the Inverted U-shaped Pattern in LotR
    3.1 The One Ring:Forging—Evildoing—Destruction
    3.2 Sauron:Concealment—Perpetration—Defeat
    3.3 Mordor:Wasteland—Menace—Ruin
Chapter 4 Thematic Implications of Biblical Narrative Patterns in LotR
    4.1 Faith,Hope and Salvation Implied by the U-shaped Pattern
    4.2 Good-and-Evil Conflict Viewed by the U-shaped and the Inverted U-shaped Patterns
Conclusion
Notes
Bibliography
Acknowledgements
攻读学位期间主要的研究成果



本文编号:3125801

论文下载
论文发表

本文链接:http://www.bigengculture.com/wenyilunwen/wxchuangz/3125801.html

系统推荐
相关文章提示点击查看相关文章