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“音由心生,乐由乐起”—《菲伯尔钢琴基础教程》研究

发布时间:2019-05-16 04:35
【摘要】:《菲伯尔钢琴基础教程》又名“钢琴之旅”,是美国钢琴教育家、演奏家、作曲家兰德尔·菲伯尔和他的太太南希·菲伯尔前后历经数十年的创作与实践,并立足于儿童教育心理学的基础上推出的一套精华之作,于2012年由人民音乐出版社出版。中文版本的《菲伯尔钢琴基础教程》每一级分为《课程与乐理》、《技巧与演奏》两个分册,一共六级,在国内目前已经出版了五级。该系列教材曲目风格多变,内容安排进度适中,采用情景式教学法,将技巧的学习抽象化,更是创新性地加入曲式分析、听力、即兴演奏等技能训练环节,菲伯尔教授夫妇还根据中国传统音乐的风格特点,在曲目加入了五声调式。该系列教材的核心教学主旨为:“音由心生,乐由乐起”,秉承了美国钢琴教育中培养学生音乐创造性的先进理念,以发展学生学习音乐的兴趣为首位,强调学生内心对音乐的愉悦感受,并以此来栽培学生的音乐智商、激发学生的音乐情商,拉近学生与音乐的心灵交汇。在笔者近几年对该教材的实践体验过程中,深刻感受到了其与传统教材大不相同的趣味性与操作性,该教材既有最新颖的钢琴教学曲目,又能使得教师在其中借鉴到实用性极强的钢琴教学方法,并真正实现寓教于乐。笔者希望对这套教材的研究,使得中国的钢琴教育者们不仅仅能借鉴到教材中优秀的教学方式,更是要致敬并学习美国钢琴教育者们对于民族性音乐的发扬与传承,积极参与到中国钢琴教育民族化事业的建设中来。本文由为四个部分组成:第一部分:前言。主要内容包括研究课题的来源、选题依据、背景介绍、研究目的、理论意义与实用价值。第二部分:《菲伯尔钢琴基础教程》介绍。包括该系列教材编写的背景、中心教育理念以及教材特色的解析。第三部分:《菲伯尔钢琴基础教程》在教学中的应用。首先介绍了教材的进度安排和上课形式建议、再依次从个体课和集体课的教学实例依次进行研究。第四部分:《菲伯尔钢琴基础教程》对中国钢琴教育的启发。内容包括梳理该教材中体现出来的美国钢琴教育理念、中国新出版的《中国风钢琴教程》对《菲伯尔钢琴教程》的借鉴与创新以及中国钢琴教育民族化道路未来的走向。
[Abstract]:The basic course of Fiber Piano, also known as "Piano Journey", is an American piano educator, performer, composer Landel Fiber and his wife Nancy Fiber after decades of creation and practice. Based on the psychology of children's education, a set of essence works was published by the people's Music Publishing House in 2012. The Chinese version of the Fiber Piano basic course is divided into two chapters: "Curriculum and Music Theory" and "skills and performance". A total of six levels have been published in China. The repertoire style of this series of teaching materials is changeable, the content arrangement is moderate, the situational teaching method is adopted, the learning of skills is abstracted, and the skills training links, such as music analysis, listening and impromptu performance, are innovatively added. Professor Fiber and his wife also added a five-tone style to the repertoire according to the style of traditional Chinese music. The core teaching purpose of this series of teaching materials is: "Sound from the heart, music from music", adhering to the advanced concept of cultivating students' music creativity in American piano education, and taking the development of students' interest in learning music as the first place. This paper emphasizes the pleasure feeling of students to music, and uses it to cultivate students' music intelligence quotient, stimulate students' music emotional quotient, and bring students closer to the spiritual intersection of students and music. In the course of the author's practical experience of the textbook in recent years, he has deeply felt the interest and operation of the textbook which is very different from the traditional textbook. The textbook has the most novel piano teaching repertoire. It can also make teachers draw lessons from the practical piano teaching methods, and truly realize teaching in fun. The author hopes that the study of this set of teaching materials will make Chinese piano educators not only learn from the excellent teaching methods in the teaching materials, but also salute and learn from the American piano educators' development and inheritance of national music. Actively participate in the construction of nationalization of piano education in China. This paper consists of four parts: the first part: preface. The main contents include the source of the research topic, the basis of the topic, the background introduction, the research purpose, the theoretical significance and the practical value. The second part: the introduction of the basic course of Fiber Piano. Including the background of the series of teaching materials, the central education concept and the analysis of the characteristics of the teaching materials. The third part: the application of Fiber Piano basic course in teaching. This paper first introduces the schedule of teaching materials and the suggestions of class form, and then studies the teaching examples of individual class and collective class in turn. The fourth part: the inspiration of Fiber Piano basic course to Chinese Piano Education. The contents include combing the concept of American piano education embodied in the textbook, the reference and innovation of the newly published Chinese style Piano course to the Fiber Piano course, and the future trend of the nationalization of Chinese piano education.
【学位授予单位】:中国音乐学院
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2017
【分类号】:J624.1-4

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