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《金翅雀》中西奥多的创伤与修复

发布时间:2019-01-10 19:48  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:美国小说家唐娜·塔特(1967-),2014年普利策文学奖获得者,通过小说《金翅雀》成功地向我们诉说了主人公西奥多感人的精神创伤修复之路。鉴于国内还鲜有学者试图将小说与创伤理论结合在一起,因此,本论文共分为五部分,结合创伤与修复理论,通过分析主人公的创伤的来源、症状以及修复的过程对小说展开研究。对于主人公创伤的来源,本文从两个方面进行分析:博物馆恐怖袭击以及父亲的长期的冷漠与忽视。将母亲在博物馆遭受恐怖袭击的死归结于自身的错,使主人公产生了极度的负罪感,使其沉浸在恐怖袭击的记忆中。同时,儿时受到了父亲的冷漠、忽视以及后来的抛弃造成了主人公的自卑感,给主人公的童年留下了巨大的阴影,造成了长期的亲情的缺失,从而引起了巨大的精神创伤。主人公的创伤症状,体现在与博物馆恐怖袭击有关的画面以幻觉和闪回的形式复现,并不断侵扰着主人公的生活。伴随着这些症状的是主人公安全感的缺失。为了逃避这些症状,他一度选择逃避。通过分析《金翅雀》中西奥多的创伤修复之路,论文认为三种综合因素在修复西奥多精神创伤中是不可或缺的。首先是重建与他人的关系。论文认为,霍比弥补了西奥多长期以来父爱的缺失,鲍里斯使他获得了真实的友谊,皮帕帮助他重获失去了的“阿尼玛”。在他们的帮助下,主人公西奥多获得了安全感。。在这些友情与爱情的作用下,接下来通过诉说创伤故事来记忆与哀悼创伤事件,得以正视创伤记忆和重构创伤叙事。最后,本文认为小说阐释了艺术对于个人创伤的修复作用,这也是《金翅雀》与其他创伤小说的不同之处。主人公的创伤修复之路,体现了唐娜·塔特对青少年成长环境的关切和对艺术拯救人生的思考。
[Abstract]:American novelist Donna Tate (1967-), winner of the Pulitzer Prize for Literature in 2014, successfully tells us, through the novel Canary, the hero Theodore's moving path to mental healing. In view of the fact that few domestic scholars try to combine the novel with the theory of trauma, this paper is divided into five parts, combining with the theory of trauma and repair, through the analysis of the source of the protagonist's trauma. The symptoms and the process of repairing the novel are studied. This paper analyzes the origin of the protagonist's trauma from two aspects: the terrorist attack on the museum and the long-term indifference and neglect of his father. The death of her mother in the museum is attributed to his own fault, which makes the protagonist feel extremely guilty and immerse herself in the memory of the terrorist attack. At the same time, childhood by the father's indifference, neglect and later abandonment caused the protagonist's inferiority complex, left a great shadow to the hero's childhood, caused a long-term lack of family, and caused a huge mental trauma. The traumatic symptoms of the protagonist are reflected in the reappearance of the images related to the terrorist attack in the museum in the form of hallucinations and flashbacks, and the constant invasion of the protagonist's life. Accompanied by these symptoms is the loss of sense of security, the protagonist. In order to escape these symptoms, he once chose to escape. Based on the analysis of Theodore's path to wound repair in Canary, it is concluded that three kinds of comprehensive factors are indispensable in repairing Theodore's trauma. The first is to rebuild relationships with others. According to the paper, Hobby made up for Theodore's long-standing lack of paternal love, Boris earned him a true friendship, and Pippa helped him regain the lost "Anima." With their help, Theodore got sense of security. Under the influence of friendship and love, we can remember and mourn the traumatic events by telling traumatic stories, and then we can face up to the traumatic memories and reconstruct the traumatic narration. Finally, this paper argues that the novel illustrates the effect of art on the repair of personal trauma, which is different from other trauma novels. The protagonist's path of wound repair embodies Donna Tate's concern for the environment of youth and the thinking of art to save life.
【学位授予单位】:中国矿业大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2017
【分类号】:I712.074

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