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“漂泊”与“禁忌”:屠格涅夫小说的基督教命题

发布时间:2019-01-12 07:26  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:在具有浓厚的宗教文化底蕴的俄罗斯文学之中,屠格涅夫的小说从表面上看较少基督教色彩,但实质上,其作品蕴含着潜在的基督教(东正教)命题。就其主要代表作品来看,基督教命题集中体现为两种文化表征——"漂泊"与"禁忌"。漂泊是东正教徒的理想生命形态,也是逃离世俗功业牢笼的途径;而禁忌则是为通向世俗功业所设置的障碍,也是使人保持在漂泊状态的保障。漂泊是屠格涅夫本人一生的追求与实践,从而塑成了他笔下的人物的漂泊品性,在这种漂泊品性中则隐含着作家对"英雄"的基督教式理解,即不以世俗功业、而以精神苦修论英雄。但按照这一标准塑造的"英雄"罗亭却被解读为"多余人",所以屠格涅夫再次塑造了另一个"行动"着的英雄——英沙罗夫,然而这种"行动"却违背了作家内在的英雄观,所以,他通过让人物跨越"禁忌"而受到"惩罚"的过程,消解了他的"行动"的意义,最终重新使之回归于"活在信念"中的英雄。
[Abstract]:In the Russian literature with strong religious culture, Turgenev's novels are less Christian on the surface, but in essence, his works contain a potential Christian (Eastern Orthodox) proposition. As far as its main representative works are concerned, the Christian proposition is embodied in two kinds of cultural characterization-wandering and taboo. Wandering is the ideal life form of the Eastern Orthodox Church and the way to escape from the secular meritorious cages, while taboo is an obstacle to the worldly work and a guarantee for people to remain wandering. Wandering is the pursuit and practice of Turgenev's own life, thus shaping the character of his character, in which the writer's Christian understanding of "hero" is implied, that is, he does not use worldly feats. And talk about heroes by spiritual drudgery. But according to this criterion, the "hero" Luo Ting was interpreted as "superfluous", so Turgenev once again created another "action" hero, Insarov, but this kind of "action" went against the writer's inner view of hero. Therefore, he dispels the meaning of his "action" and finally returns him to the hero who lives in faith by making the character cross the taboo and be punished by "punishment".
【作者单位】: 南开大学文学院;
【基金】:教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目“俄罗斯文化精神与俄罗斯诗学”【项目批号:16JJD750007】的阶段性成果
【分类号】:I512.074


本文编号:2407508


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