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《新华日报》《大公报》《中央日报》抗战规范动员比较

发布时间:2019-03-15 18:09  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:抗日战争是一次规模宏大的集体性抗争事件,战争给这一时代所有的一切都加上了规范和制约。抗战中的混乱与对立,会导致社会失范,产生种种不利行为,阻碍抗战。为团结抗战,这些失范行为必须得以校正和规范。报刊能对战时舆论进行有效地引导和规范,通过舆论宣传将社会标准,传之于众,使其逐渐内化为民众自身的行为准则。在这一伟大时期,存续着,它们共同承担了抗战舆论动员的使命,在各自的阶级立场中为抗战建国这一宏伟目标作出了应有的贡献。抗战中的汉奸、腐败、冗政冗军问题突出,积弊重重,亟待加以规范和纠正。本文选取了锄奸、反腐、反冗政冗军这三个主题为基准点,采用宏观概述与点面结合的布局方式,并佐之以丰富的统计图表,较为详细地分析比较了三家报纸对上述主题舆论动员的异同及意义,客观评价出三家报纸抗战规范动员的特点、价值及历史渊源。研究认为,在团结抗战的主旋律下,三家报纸在锄奸、反腐、反冗政冗军问题上形成了统一的舆论战线,面对妨害团结抗战的绊脚石,都表现出了空前一致的家国情怀,对民族败类的竭力声讨,对腐朽行为的揭露批判,以及对节约抗战,提高行政效率,充实作战力量的大力倡导。但有聚合也有离散,《新华日报》动员形式最多样,宣传数量最多,在锄奸、反腐动员中表现出广泛性、斗争性、彻底性,其舆论动员与劳苦大众紧密联系,具有广泛的群众基础,注重发动民力,进行最有效的动员;《大公报》其报道最能发挥媒体公信力,对民族败类、腐败行为的打击,对行政机构的调整,其言论往往能够针砭时弊,引发社会深思。其舆论动员还特别重视民众的反馈,形成了以受众为中心的动员模式,但其舆论大旗也有向国民政府倾斜的时候。《中央日报》充当国民政府的舆论工具,以强烈的政治意图控制其报道方向,偏好政绩总结,在锄奸、反腐动员中凡涉及有损党国利益之报道,会加以回避,有时甚至为其开脱,这点严重忽视了民族利益。其对锄奸、反腐、反冗政冗军的动员宣传,没有反馈环节,脱离群众严重。
[Abstract]:The War of Resistance against Japan was a large-scale collective protest event, which imposed norms and constraints on everything in this era. The chaos and opposition in the Anti-Japanese War will lead to social derangement, produce all kinds of unfavorable behaviors and hinder the Anti-Japanese War. In order to unite with the War of Resistance, these irregularities must be corrected and standardized. Newspapers and periodicals can effectively guide and standardize the public opinion in wartime, spread the social standard to the public through the publicity of public opinion, and gradually internalize it into the code of conduct of the people themselves. In this great period, they shared the mission of mobilization of anti-Japanese public opinion and made due contributions to the grand goal of the founding of the Anti-Japanese War in their respective class positions. During the Anti-Japanese War, the problems of traitor, corruption, redundant administration and redundant army are outstanding, and there are many disadvantages, which need to be regulated and corrected. This paper selects the three themes of anti-rape, anti-corruption and anti-redundant politics and redundant army as the base point, adopts the layout mode of combining macro-overview with point-plane, and adds it with rich statistical charts. This paper makes a detailed analysis and comparison of the similarities and differences and significance of the three newspapers' mobilization of public opinion on the above topics, and objectively evaluates the characteristics, value and historical origin of the mobilization of the standard mobilization of the three newspapers during the Anti-Japanese War. According to the research, under the main melody of uniting the Anti-Japanese War, the three newspapers have formed a unified front of public opinion on the issues of anti-rape, anti-corruption, and anti-redundant government and redundant armed forces, and in the face of the stumbling blocks hindering the unity of resistance against Japan, they have all shown unprecedented and consistent feelings of family and country. To denounce the national decadence, to expose and criticize the decadent behavior, to save the war of resistance, to improve the administrative efficiency, and to enrich the combat force. However, there are aggregations and discreteness. The "Xinhua Daily" has the most diverse forms of mobilization and the largest number of propaganda. In anti-corruption mobilization, the mobilization of public opinion is extensive, fighting, and thorough, and its mobilization of public opinion is closely related to the hard-working masses. Have the broad masses foundation, pay attention to arouse the people's power, carry on the most effective mobilization; The report of the Great Bulletin can bring into play the credibility of the media, the blow to the national corruption, the adjustment of the administrative organs, and its remarks can often be pointed at the disadvantages of the times, causing the society to think deeply. Its public opinion mobilization also attaches special importance to the feedback of the masses and has formed a mobilization model centered on the audience, but its banner of public opinion has also been tilted towards the national government at a time when the Central Daily serves as the public opinion tool of the national government. With strong political intention to control its reporting direction, preference for the summary of political achievements, in the fight against rape, anti-corruption mobilization involved in the party-state interests of the report, will be evaded, and sometimes even for its justification, this has seriously ignored the national interests. Its anti-corruption, anti-redundant military mobilization and propaganda, no feedback links, serious separation from the masses.
【学位授予单位】:湖南师范大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2016
【分类号】:G219.29

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