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女性主义视阈中《飘》与《倾城之恋》之比较研究

发布时间:2019-01-12 08:46  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:二十世纪三四十年代,西方社会已经历了女性主义的第一次浪潮,女性为争取选举权、教育权、工作权发出了振聋发聩的呼声,女性意识开始觉醒。而在地球的另一端,女性也逐渐意识到自己长期的“无我”状态,加入到妇女解放的运动中。女性学者纷纷执笔,批判男性社会对女性身心的折磨与压迫以及男性文学对女性形象的各种丑化与歪曲,并结合自身的女性经验重新塑造女性形象。 美国女作家玛格丽特·米切尔与中国女作家张爱玲成为这一时期女性文学创作的代表,她们的作品《飘》和《倾城之恋》在各自的国度都受到了热烈的追捧,产生了广泛而深远的影响。尽管两部作品的篇幅不一,两位女作家也生长在不同的国度,但是她们却揭示了一个共同的事实,那就是女性的觉醒。文章的字里行间都流露出作家的女性主义思想,两位女主人公斯嘉丽与白流苏摆脱了传统女性温和顺从的形象,,不甘心屈服于男性权威和命运的安排,在生存困境中作出种种艰难的抗争,努力追求爱情和幸福生活。然而中西方不同的伦理道德与文化背景又决定了她们的性格与命运必然存在差异。西方文化传统给了玛格丽特·米切尔更多张扬的空间,使她塑造的斯嘉丽的形象更具有反叛的女性主义色彩。张爱玲尽管深受西方文化多种思潮的浸染,然而中国文化几千年的沉淀使得白流苏的女性意识并没有走多远。 本文从女性主义批评的理论视角比较研究了中西方女性在不同社会文化背景下表现出的女性意识的异同,旨在对中国女性主义批评的本土构建及女性写作有所启示:在吸收和借鉴西方女性主义思想探索本国发展道路时,中国女性主义学者应充分考虑到两种社会不同的文化背景和现实环境。
[Abstract]:In the 1930s and 1940s, the western society has experienced the first wave of feminism. Women's rights to vote, education and work have made a deafening cry, and the consciousness of women has begun to awaken. On the other side of the planet, women are becoming aware of their long-term self-lessness and joining the movement of women's liberation. Female scholars write one after another, criticizing the torture and oppression of female body and mind in male society and all kinds of ugliness and distortion of female image in male literature, and remolding female image with their own female experience. Margaret Mitchell, the American female writer, and Zhang Ailing, the Chinese female writer, became the representatives of female literature creation in this period. Their works "gone with the Wind" and "falling in love with the city" were warmly sought after in their respective countries. Had a wide and far-reaching impact. Although the two works differ in length and the two women writers grow up in different countries, they reveal a common fact, that is, the awakening of women. Between the lines of the article, the writer's feminist thoughts are revealed. Scarlett and Paik Fosu, the two heroines, have got rid of the traditional image of women being gentle and obedient, and they are unwilling to give in to the arrangement of male authority and fate. Make all kinds of difficult struggle in the difficult situation of life, strive to pursue love and happy life. However, the different ethical and cultural backgrounds between China and the West determine that their character and destiny must be different. The western cultural tradition gives Margaret Mitchell more space, which makes Scarlett's image more rebellious and feminist. Zhang Ailing was deeply influenced by many trends of thought in western culture, but the precipitation of Chinese culture for thousands of years made the female consciousness of White tassel not go far. From the perspective of feminist criticism, this paper makes a comparative study of the similarities and differences of female consciousness between Chinese and Western women in different social and cultural backgrounds. The purpose of this paper is to enlighten the local construction of Chinese feminist criticism and female writing: to explore the development of our country by absorbing and drawing lessons from western feminism. Chinese feminist scholars should take into account the different cultural background and realistic environment of the two societies.
【学位授予单位】:江苏科技大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2013
【分类号】:I106.4-03

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