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《格列佛游记》中的陌生化艺术

发布时间:2019-04-15 22:49  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:江奈生·斯威夫特是18世纪英国著名的作家,《格列佛游记》是其杰作。现如今,这部小说仍然举足轻重,被视为世界文学宝库中最杰出的小说之一。《格列佛游记》于1726年10月28日第一次出版,自此对这部小说的研究繁花似锦。但是,很少有学者从陌生化的视角研究《格列佛游记》。本论文将从陌生化这个视角来分析这部小说,以期给这部小说提供一个新的诠释方法。 引言部分简单介绍对这部小说所做的研究以及什克洛夫斯基所倡导的陌生化理论,紧随其后的是本篇论文的主体部分共分为四章。 第一章关注叙事策略中的陌生化手法。在《格列佛游记》中,斯威夫特构建了四个陌生化的空间,采用有限全知视角的同时穿插特殊的叙事者,为读者讲述了一个充满悬念的传奇故事。 第二章从三个方面探索《格列佛游记》中语言的陌生化:陌生化手法所带来的强烈的语言可感性,修辞,词汇的陌生化。 第三章介绍艺术形象的陌生化。在小人国和大人国中艺术形象的陌生化只停留在外部表层,而第三部分和第四部分中艺术形象的陌生化不仅表现在外部面貌,而且深入到内心层面。 第四章介绍陌生化与审美距离。在《格列佛游记》中斯威夫特用陌生化的语言给读者构建了四个满是陌生化艺术形象的陌生空间,给小说平添了神秘感并成功得拉开了读者与小说之间的审美距离。审美距离过近,文学作品就会缺乏文学性而令读者得不到艺术享受。审美距离过远,文学作品就会太荒诞而令读者也得不到审美快感。在《格列佛游记》中,斯威夫特从以下两个方面来控制读者与其小说之间适度的审美距离:一、故事情节源于现实又高于现实;二、细节描写时大量的运用了十分精准的数据,使虚幻的情节真实可信。在阅读这部小说时,读者不仅能沉浸于作者所苦心营造的虚幻世界,而且能看透当权者的伪善和人性的退化。 基于以上四章的分析,本论文得出以下结论:《格列佛游记》讽刺艺术所达到的巨大文学价值正得益于小说中所蕴含的陌生化艺术。
[Abstract]:Jonathan Swift is a famous English writer in the 18th century. Gulliver's Journey is his masterpiece. Today, the novel is still important and is regarded as one of the most outstanding novels in the world literature treasure house. Gulliver's travels was first published on October 28, 1726, and the study of the novel has been full of splendor ever since. However, few scholars study Gulliver's travels from the perspective of defamiliarization. This paper will analyze the novel from the perspective of defamiliarization, in order to provide a new interpretation of the novel. The introduction briefly introduces the study of the novel and the defamiliarization theory advocated by Shkrovsky. The main part of this thesis is divided into four chapters. The first chapter focuses on the defamiliarization techniques in narrative strategy. In Gulliver's Journey, Swift constructs four defamiliarization spaces with a limited omniscient perspective and a special storyteller, telling the reader a legend full of suspense. The second chapter explores the defamiliarization of language in Gulliver's travels from three aspects: the strong defamiliarization of language sensibility, rhetoric and vocabulary brought by defamiliarization. The third chapter introduces the defamiliarization of artistic image. The defamiliarization of the artistic image in the small country and the great nation only stays in the outer surface, while in the third and fourth parts, the defamiliarization of the artistic image is not only expressed in the external face, but also deep into the inner level. The fourth chapter introduces defamiliarization and aesthetic distance. In Gulliver's travels, Swift constructs four strange spaces full of unfamiliar artistic images in the language of strangeness, which adds mystery to the novel and successfully opens the aesthetic distance between the reader and the novel. Too close to the aesthetic, literary works will lack literariness and readers will not get artistic enjoyment. If the aesthetic distance is too far, the literary works will be too absurd for the reader to get aesthetic pleasure. In Gulliver's travels, Swift controls the appropriate aesthetic distance between the reader and his novel from the following two aspects: first, the plot of the story originates from the reality and is higher than the reality; Second, the detailed description of the use of a large number of accurate data, making the illusion of the plot true and credible. In reading the novel, readers can not only immerse themselves in the fantasy world created by the author, but also see through the hypocrisy of the authority and the degradation of human nature. Based on the analysis of the above four chapters, this thesis draws the following conclusions: the great literary value of satirical art in Gulliver's travels is benefiting from the defamiliarization art contained in the novel.
【学位授予单位】:山东大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2013
【分类号】:I561.074

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