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碘醚柳胺驱虫对6月龄伊犁马营养物质消化代谢及生长发育的影响

发布时间:2019-06-15 01:52
【摘要】:本试验旨在研究碘醚柳胺驱虫对6月龄伊犁马驹营养物质消化代谢及生长发育的影响。试验选取在同一草场饲养的6月龄(出生日期±5 d)、平均体重为(117.60±15.84)kg的伊犁马公马马驹10匹,在相同的饲喂条件下随机分为2组,分别为对照组和试验组,每组5匹。试验组马驹灌服碘醚柳胺混悬液驱虫剂驱虫,每匹14 m L,对照组马驹不进行驱虫。驱虫后,进行为期20 d的消化代谢试验,其中预试期15 d,正试期5 d。结果显示:碘醚柳胺驱虫对马驹各营养物质摄入量、消化量、排出量和消化率均没有产生显著影响(P0.05),但试验组中性洗涤纤维、酸性洗涤纤维、钙消化率分别比对照组高18.17%、16.37%、17.36%;试验组马驹氮的沉积量和沉积率分别比对照组高65.90%(P0.05)和73.20%(P0.05);试验组马驹体高和胸围的总增长分别比对照组高123.58%(P0.05)和48.31%(P0.05)。因此,碘醚柳胺驱虫对6月龄伊犁马营养物质消化代谢的积极作用主要体现在氮沉积量和沉积率的增加以及体高和胸围的增长上。
[Abstract]:The purpose of this study was to study the effects of iodide willow amine on the digestion, metabolism, growth and development of nutrients in 6-month-old Yili foal. Ten Yili ponies with an average weight of (117.60 卤15.84) kg at 6 months of age (birth date 卤5 d),) were randomly divided into two groups under the same feeding conditions: control group (n = 5) and experimental group (n = 5). The foals in the experimental group were treated with iodoetheralumide suspension repellent, 14 mL each, while the control foal was not treated with deworming agent. After deworming, the digestion and metabolism test was carried out for 20 days, in which the pre-trial period was 15 days and the positive test period was 5 days. The results showed that iodide had no significant effect on the intake, digestion, excretion and digestibility of nutrients in foals (P 0.05), but the digestibility of neutral detergent fiber, acid detergent fiber and calcium in the experimental group was 18.17%, 16.37% and 17.36% higher than that in the control group, respectively. however, the digestibility of neutral detergent fiber, acid detergent fiber and calcium in the experimental group was 18.17%, 16.37% and 17.36% higher than that in the control group. The nitrogen deposition and deposition rate of foal in the experimental group were 65.90% (P 0.05) and 73.20% (P 0.05) higher than those in the control group, and the total increase of body height and chest circumference in the test group were 123.58% (P 0.05) and 48.31% (P 0.05) higher than those in the control group, respectively. Therefore, the positive effect of iodide on the digestion and metabolism of nutrients in 6-month-old Yili horses was mainly reflected in the increase of nitrogen deposition and deposition rate, as well as the increase of body height and chest circumference.
【作者单位】: 新疆农业大学动物科学学院新疆肉乳用草食动物营养实验室;
【基金】:“十二五”农村领域国家科技计划课题(2012BAD45B01)
【分类号】:S858.21

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