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辽宁口岸2004-2007年出入境人员STD监测结果分析

发布时间:2019-01-06 08:10  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】: 目的:通过对辽宁口岸2004~2007年出入境人员性传播疾病(sexually transmitted disease,STD)检测结果的分析,了解该口岸出入境人员STD感染情况,并结合本口岸实际情况,探讨进一步做好防治STD传入和STD感染者后续管理的具体措施。 方法:本次研究资料均来自辽宁口岸2004~2007年出入境人员健康体检检出STD感染者的登记资料。乙肝诊断采用乙型病毒性肝炎的诊断标准及处理原则(GB 15990-1995),梅毒检测采用快速血浆反应素试验(RPR)进行初筛,梅毒螺旋体抗体血凝试验(抗TP金标法、TPHA、TPPA)进行确认试验。人类免疫缺陷病毒(human immunodeficiency virus,HIV)抗体检测用酶联免疫吸附试剂进行初筛,确认采用蛋白印迹(WB)试验试剂检测。资料采用SPSS 13.0统计软件包进行分析。 结果:2004~2007年辽宁口岸出入境人员STD检出率0.32%,低于全国口岸平均水平0.75%,检出率呈现逐年下降趋势。乙肝、梅毒和艾滋病的检出率分别为0.18%、0.13%、0.01%,是该口岸出入境人员中STD的主要病种;乙肝、梅毒检出率呈现逐年下降趋势,而艾滋病检出率呈现逐年上升趋势。STD感染者中男性多于女性,男女比例约为1.76:1;以青壮年人群为主;外国籍人员艾滋病的检出率显著高于中国籍,而中国籍人员梅毒的检出率则显著的高于外国籍人员;感染者中初中文化程度者所占的比例最大,占70%;职业分布以中籍涉外婚姻人员和外籍口岸从业人员检出率最高,分别是64.30/万和150.60/万;地区分布以鞍山的检出率最高。 结论:辽宁口岸出入境人员STD的检出率低于全国口岸平均水平,并呈下降趋势,但艾滋病呈上升趋势。STD感染以乙肝、梅毒和艾滋病为主。STD感染者男性多于女性,中籍涉外婚姻人员与外籍口岸从业人员检出率高,鞍山检出率最高。提示今后应加强出入境人员的STD监测,尤其应加强艾滋病的监测,加大卫生知识宣传力度,提高出入境人员的自我防范意识,以及制定有效防治措施,将有利于防止STD在国际间的传播。
[Abstract]:Objective: to analyze the detection results of sexually transmitted diseases (sexually transmitted disease,STD) among entry-exit people in Liaoning Port from 2004 to 2007, and to understand the STD infection among the entry-exit people in Liaoning Port, and to combine the actual situation of the port. To explore further measures to prevent and treat STD infection and STD infection follow-up management measures. Methods: all the data were collected from Liaoning Port 2004 ~ 2007. Hepatitis B was diagnosed according to the diagnostic criteria and management principles of hepatitis B (GB 15990-1995). The detection of syphilis was performed by rapid plasma reactive hormone test (RPR) and hemagglutination test of Treponema pallidum antibody (anti-TP gold standard, TPHA,). TPPA) to conduct validation tests. Human immunodeficiency virus (human immunodeficiency virus,HIV) antibody was screened with enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (Elisa). Western blot (WB) assay was used to detect the antibody. The data were analyzed by SPSS 13.0 software package. Results: from 2004 to 2007, the detection rate of STD of entry-exit personnel at Liaoning port was 0.32, which was lower than the national average level of 0.75. The detection rate showed a decreasing trend year by year. The positive rates of hepatitis B, syphilis and AIDS were 0.18 and 0.130.01, respectively, which were the main diseases of STD in the entry-exit personnel at this port. The detection rate of hepatitis B and syphilis showed a decreasing trend year by year, while the prevalence rate of AIDS increased year by year. There were more men than women in STD infection, the ratio of male to female was about 1.76: 1. The prevalence rate of AIDS in foreign population was significantly higher than that in Chinese nationality, while the detection rate of syphilis in Chinese was significantly higher than that in foreign nationality, and the proportion of infected persons with junior middle school education was the highest, accounting for 70%. The detection rate of occupation distribution was the highest among Chinese foreign marriage personnel and foreign port employees (64.30 / 10 000 and 150.60 / 10 000 respectively) and the highest rate was in Anshan. Conclusion: the detection rate of STD in entry-exit people at Liaoning port is lower than the national average, and it is decreasing, but AIDS is on the rise. Hepatitis B, syphilis and AIDS are the main STD infections. The number of STD infected men is more than that of women. The detection rate of foreign marriage personnel and foreign port workers is high, and Anshan is the highest. It is suggested that the STD surveillance of entry-exit personnel should be strengthened in the future, especially the surveillance of AIDS, the propaganda of health knowledge should be strengthened, the self-prevention consciousness of the entry-exit personnel should be improved, and the effective prevention and treatment measures should be formulated. It will help to prevent the spread of STD in the international community.
【学位授予单位】:大连医科大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2008
【分类号】:R181.8

【引证文献】

相关硕士学位论文 前1条

1 廉冠臣;某市出入境人员梅毒血清学监测及流行状况调查[D];吉林大学;2011年



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