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中国儿童青少年身体活动水平与全球AHKC报告相关指标的比较

发布时间:2019-01-11 09:31  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:目的了解中国与其他国家儿童青少年身体活动水平的差距及原因,为提高我国儿童青少年身体活动水平、促进健康发育提供数据支持。方法本文收集2014年我国6~69岁人群体育健身活动和体质状况抽测调查结果,和2014年全球15个国家AHKC身体活动报告书。横向对比并回顾分析我国儿童青少年身体活动水平及6项相关指标数据。结果我国儿童青少年身体活动总量达标率为8.9%,低于全球均达标率(25%~40%)。日常体育课和课外体育活动的参与度较高(80.5%和60.0%),仍有近25%儿童青少年体育活动未达到中等强度;参加体育兴趣俱乐部或校外有组织的体育活动人数低(仅为1/4)。超重和肥胖检出率分别为11.26%和8.12%,并呈上升趋势。结论我国儿童青少年身体活动水平达标率较低。校内体育活动参与度高但有效运动负荷低、体育兴趣俱乐部和校外体育活动积极性差是其主要原因。肥胖超重发生率仍有待控制。
[Abstract]:Objective to investigate the differences and causes of physical activity between China and other countries in order to provide data support for improving the level of physical activity and promoting healthy development of Chinese children and adolescents. Methods the survey results of physical fitness activities and physical fitness status of 669 year old people in China in 2014 and the AHKC physical activity report of 15 countries in 2014 were collected in this paper. The physical activity level of Chinese children and adolescents and 6 related index data were compared and analyzed retrospectively. Results the total physical activity of children and adolescents in China reached the standard rate of 8.9%, which was lower than that of the global average (25%). The participation rate of daily physical education and extracurricular sports activities was high (80.5% and 60.0%), and there were still 25% children and adolescents who had not reached the moderate intensity of sports activities. Participation in sports interest clubs or organized sports activities outside school is low (1 / 4). The prevalence rates of overweight and obesity were 11.26% and 8.12%, respectively. Conclusion the level of physical activity of children and adolescents in China is low. The main reason is the high participation but low effective sports load in school sports activities, and the poor enthusiasm of sports interest clubs and out-of-school sports activities. The prevalence of obesity and overweight remains to be controlled.
【作者单位】: 中国残疾人体育运动管理中心;国家体育总局体育科学研究所;
【分类号】:R179


本文编号:2406973


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