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自然与人文之间——老子“器”论的思想意蕴

发布时间:2018-03-14 04:00  文章来源:笔耕文化传播

  本文选题:老子 切入点: 出处:《人文杂志》2017年09期  论文类型:期刊论文


【摘要】:老子哲学可被"强为之容"地划分为两个世界:"道生万物"呈现的是"自然世界"之情态;"人文世界"则因"朴散而为器""因物以制器"而绽开。在老子那里,"器"意味着人文之始,人的"制器""用器"会衍生出"制"与"名","名制"就是人文的顶级表现型态;若不"知止","名制"会逐渐积聚起外在于人与器的力量,终而蜕变为规制与宰控人类世界的符号系统,终而丧失与自然价值的本源牵系。通过对"道器关系"的阐发,老子意在以"道"之自然价值化解人文之弊,"知止""恬淡""清静"就是在自然价值贞定下对待"器-制-名"的应然态度。而且,在老子的政治视域之中,"天下"可比"神器","大道"堪称"大器",以"大器"之自然价值守护并证成"神器"之尊贵性、公共性与意义饱满性,即为老子的人文精神与人文理想。
[Abstract]:Laozi's philosophy can be divided into two worlds: "all things born in Taoism" is the modality of "natural world", and "humanistic world" is characterized by "simplicity and dispersal" and "made by things". In Laozi's place, " The instrument "means the beginning of humanity," The "system" and "the name" of human beings can be derived from the "system" and "name", and the "name system" is the top form of expression of humanity. If we do not "know the end", the "name system" will gradually accumulate outside the strength of man and the weapon. In the end, it becomes the symbol system of regulating and controlling the human world, and the origin of the ultimate loss of the natural value. Laozi intends to dissolve the disadvantages of humanism with the natural value of "Tao". "know and stop", "quiet" and "quiet" is the attitude that should be taken to treat "apparatus-system-name" in the nature value. Moreover, In Laozi's political field of view, "the world" is comparable to "artifact", "the main road" can be called "the great object", and it is protected by the natural value of the "great object" and proved to be the honor, publicity and significance of the "artifact". Namely, the humanistic spirit and humanistic ideal of Laozi.
【作者单位】: 山西大学哲学社会学学院;
【基金】:国家社会科学基金青年项目“先秦子学视域下的庄子哲学研究”(14CZX024)
【分类号】:B223.1


本文编号:1609504


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