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康德《纯粹理性批判》的哲学使命

发布时间:2018-05-16 23:12  文章来源:笔耕文化传播

  本文选题:康德 + 理性 ; 参考:《延安大学》2017年硕士论文


【摘要】:康德的哲学被称为批判哲学,他生活在一个批判的时代他。通过发表《纯理论批判》一书,康德利用人类的理性的批判对其认知能力畸形恋分门别类,这是康德学说中,最具独创性和重要性的部分,它提供了一个科学的界定和哲学的基础。纯粹理性的界定包括的主要内容的科学解释哲学的本质。康德的批判哲学是先天的,康德的先验词汇手段和人知道的对象之前,它需要理解人的认知能力重要的调查,以定义的范围和限制人类的理解。所以,从合理界定理解康德的“纯理性批判”,通过康德的批判哲学方法和背景的理论和方法划定康德的批判哲学精神的“纯粹理性批判”展示中,体验到强烈的反应和思维方式的转变的影响超出其使命和对当前一代。本文的论述顺序是依据康德的《纯粹理性批判》展开观点和看法的论述,第一章即从人类感性的部分开始,分析与论述了时间的主要性质在感性与理性之中属于前者而不属于后者,并且时间是以一种感性的、直观的形式表现出来,而并非是一般的感性所包含的表现形式。在此基础上考量先天法则形成的内在逻辑,论证范畴和先天形式之间的关系,最后确立先天纯粹知识体系能够科学地建构出形而上学。第二章是建立在科学形而上学基础上的理论延伸,即对传统形而上学的批判,它首先对理性心理学所形成的内在错误加以分析,以此为基础阐述理性宇宙论何以能形成二律背反的状况,并将神学同理性有机统一,促使理性神学的先验幻相,最后发现传统形而上学的错误本源在于对范畴的超验使用,并立足于此对现象和本体进行划分。第三章是对前两章理论体系的方法论总结,它主要强调了先天综合如何在调和经验论和唯理论的基础上科学地论证这纯粹理性的建筑术。
[Abstract]:Kant's philosophy is called critical philosophy. He lives in a critical age. By publishing the critique of pure theory, Kant used the rational criticism of human beings to categorize his cognitive ability into malformed love, which is the most original and important part of Kant's theory. It provides a scientific definition and philosophical basis. The definition of pure rationality includes the nature of the philosophy of scientific interpretation of the main content. Kant's critical philosophy is innate. Before Kant's transcendental lexical means and objects are known, it needs to understand the important investigation of human cognitive ability in order to define the scope and limit human understanding. Therefore, from a reasonable definition to understand Kant's "pure rational criticism", through Kant's critical philosophical method and background of the theory and method to delineate Kant's critical philosophy spirit of "pure rational criticism" display, Experience the impact of intense reactions and changing ways of thinking beyond its mission and to the current generation. The order of this thesis is based on Kant's critique of Pure reason. The first chapter begins with the part of human sensibility. This paper analyzes and discusses that the main properties of time belong to the former but not to the latter in the sensibility and rationality, and that time is expressed in a perceptual and intuitive form, but not in the form of general sensibility. On this basis, the inherent logic of the formation of the innate law is considered, and the relationship between the category and the congenital form is demonstrated. Finally, the establishment of the innate pure knowledge system can scientifically construct metaphysics. The second chapter is the theoretical extension based on scientific metaphysics, that is, the criticism of traditional metaphysics. On this basis, the author expounds the reason why rational cosmology can form the state of "two laws against", and unifies theology with reason organically, and promotes the transcendental illusion of rational theology. Finally, it is found that the origin of traditional metaphysics lies in the transcendental use of category. And based on this, the phenomenon and ontology are divided. The third chapter summarizes the methodology of the theoretical system of the first two chapters. It emphasizes how the innate synthesis scientifically demonstrates this pure rational architectural technique on the basis of reconciling empiricism and rationalism.
【学位授予单位】:延安大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2017
【分类号】:B516.31

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