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试论福柯《性经验史》所构建的性的话语考古学

发布时间:2018-11-12 20:34  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:本文从对弗洛伊德以及当时流行的性被压抑的理念提出质疑出发,通过对当时流行的性话语展开广泛的考察,意图澄清性并没有受到压抑,而是不断地被人从健康、人口调节、道德等方面激发出来,构成了一门性经验的科学,同时,福柯认为如果只是看到性被压抑,那么得出的结论便是呼吁性解放,而这正好掉入统治者的圈套,加之针对压抑而作出的解放观念缺乏更多的理论支撑,显得苍白,难以取得实质性的成功。并且福柯认为,这门性科学展现出强烈的把性唯道德化和唯科学化趋向,因而,福柯进一步质疑性如何能被道德化和科学化,针对这一问题,福柯开始了对古希腊、罗马以及中世纪人们的性话语进行了更加深入细致的研究和分析,意图展现在漫长的历史中性行为是怎样成为道德评价和选择的对象的。在研究希腊、罗马时代中,福柯看到在性没有受到实质约束的情况下,人们自觉的形成了对自我身体的关怀和对性的伦理化追求,同时,福柯指出对性的节制是必要的,但基督教时代发展到对整个性的对抗,使得性只存在道德化这一个维度,这与第一卷中福柯提到的性被科学化类似,而且,性的唯科学化比唯道德化更加可怕,因为对性的掌控更加系统化。通过对性的一系列话语考察,福柯表达出性不是被压抑,而是被偏激的表达出来,人们失去了多元化选择。人们寻求性解放要么是被统治者自身的解放需要所融逝,要么就是解放出新的问题引起反思和回归,难有建树。需要做的是在性唯科学化、唯道德化的时代,反对对性持整体反对或作出统一规范的道德和科学,认识到即便道德和科学对性作出让步,也只是为了更好的管理和控制性,须避免落入此陷阱,让性生理化、艺术化,形成实质的对抗势力,为此,不惜时常僭越。
[Abstract]:Based on the questioning of Freud and the popular idea of repressed sex at that time, this paper attempts to clarify that sex is not suppressed, but is constantly regulated by people from health and population, through an extensive investigation of the prevailing sexual discourse at that time. Moral and other aspects have inspired a science of sexual experience. At the same time, Foucault believes that if one only sees sex suppressed, then the conclusion is to call for sexual liberation, which falls into the trap of the ruler. Combined with the lack of more theoretical support, the emancipation concept made in response to repression is pale and difficult to achieve substantial success. And Foucault believes that the science of sex shows a strong trend of morality and scientization. Therefore, Foucault further questions how sex can be moralized and scientific. In view of this problem, Foucault began to deal with ancient Greece. The sexual discourse of people in Rome and the Middle Ages has been studied and analyzed in more detail with the intention of showing how neutral behavior has become the object of moral evaluation and choice in the long history. In the study of Greece and Rome, Foucault saw that when sex was not subject to substantial constraints, people consciously formed a self-care for the body and the ethical pursuit of sex. At the same time, Foucault pointed out that sexual restraint was necessary. But the Christian era developed to confront the whole sex, so that sex has only one dimension of moralization, which is similar to the scientific nature mentioned by Foucault in the first volume. Moreover, the scientization of sex is more terrible than that of morality. Because the control of sex is more systematic. Through a series of discourse studies on sex, Foucault expresses that sex is not suppressed, but extreme, and people lose their choice of diversity. People seek sexual liberation either by the ruler's own liberation needs melt away, or liberate the new problems to cause reflection and return, it is difficult to make achievements. What needs to be done is, in an era of scientization and moralization of sex, to oppose ethics and science that oppose or regulate sex as a whole, recognizing that even if moral and scientific concessions are made to sex, it is only for the sake of better management and control, We must avoid falling into this trap, let sex be physiologically and artistically, and form a real force of confrontation.
【学位授予单位】:西南大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2014
【分类号】:B565.5

【参考文献】

相关期刊论文 前4条

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2 胡水君;;惩罚的合理性——福柯对人道主义的批判分析[J];环球法律评论;2006年02期

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