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《易传》趋吉避凶思想研究

发布时间:2018-11-14 16:36  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:《易经》与《易传》,均是中华传统文化不可忽视的组成部分,是中国古代哲学最高智慧的总结。《易传》成书于战国末期,与孔子有密切的关系。《易传》中的趋吉避凶思想根源于《易经》的忧患意识,是人的主体性意识从原始社会和奴隶社会初期的“天命观”到奴隶社会中期“天人合一观”发展的产物。多年以来关于《易传》的吉凶价值观的探讨与应用一直是人们讨论的热点,这里面既包括鸿儒学者也包括市井白丁,如此说来,对《易传》趋吉避凶思想的研究便具有较强的理论价值与现实意义。该文选择以“《易传》趋吉避凶思想研究”为论题,在三个方面展开论述:首先是《易传》的趋吉避凶思想产生的背景与理论渊源。《易传》是一部兼容百家自成体系的哲学著作,为春秋战国时期哲学发展的产物,忧患意识是《易传》趋吉避凶思想的根源,“天人合一”的阴阳辩证法,是《易传》趋吉避凶思想的哲学方法论基础。《易传》趋吉避凶的思想内涵与因人而异的吉凶观相关,且具体表现为“其要无咎”;其次重点探讨了《易传》趋吉避凶的方法论问题,主要路径是针对《易传》在事件发展的每个阶段应该如何趋吉避凶展开研究。研究思路按照事件的发展都会经历“始”、“壮”、“究”三个阶段的逻辑展开,在事件之始,应该做到“知几”,用唯物辩证的发展观“见几而作”;在事件发展壮大的过程里,要趋吉避凶必须“趣时当位”,“趣时”是在“明时”、“待时”的基础上与时偕行;“当位”是在“守位”的基础上保持中正,“时”和“位”是密不可分的,要想趋吉避凶,必须做到随时而中即“时中”。事件发展到末期应该达变,变易是宇宙万物运动的永恒性原则。“动者尚其变”是《易传》的“四圣道”之一。所以,要用发展的眼光看待事件的“吉”“凶”结果。在事件发展的全部过程里,人是最重要的因素。趋吉避凶的根本之道是德行的修持,要从思想上崇德,行动上育德,言语上慎辞,这样就能使生命顺畅展开自身,趋吉避凶,做到“自天佑之,吉无不利”;再次,研究《易传》趋吉避凶思想的理论价值在于阐明《易传》从人生哲理层面上来研究《易经》的意义,其现实意义显性地表现为对当代处在市场经济中的个体在人生哲学和伦理观均带来较强的启示作用。
[Abstract]:Both the Book of changes and the Book of changes are important components of Chinese traditional culture and a summary of the highest wisdom of ancient Chinese philosophy. It was written at the end of the warring States period. The thought of seeking good fortune and avoiding evil in the Book of changes is rooted in the consciousness of suffering in the Book of changes. It is the result of the development of the consciousness of human subjectivity from the "conception of destiny" in the primitive society and the slave society to the "unity of nature and man" in the middle period of the slave society. Over the years, the discussion and application of the good and evil values of Yi Zhuan has been a hot topic of discussion. This includes both scholars of great Confucianism and Bai Ding of the city. In this way, The study on the idea of seeking good fortune and avoiding evil has strong theoretical value and practical significance. This paper chooses "the study of the thought of seeking good fortune and avoiding evil" as the topic of "Yi Zhuan", It is discussed in three aspects: firstly, the background and theoretical origin of the thought of seeking good fortune and avoiding evil in Yi Zhuan. It is a philosophical work compatible with a hundred schools of thought, which is the product of the development of philosophy in the Spring and Autumn and warring States period. The consciousness of suffering is the root of the thought of "Yi Zhuan > seeking good luck and avoiding evil". The Yin and Yang dialectics of "harmony of nature and man" is the basis of philosophical methodology of the thought of "Yi Zhuan > seeking good luck and avoiding evil". And the concrete manifestation is "its want to be free of blame"; Secondly, this paper mainly discusses the methodology of "Yi Zhuan" seeking good fortune and avoiding evil. The main path is to study how "Yi Zhuan" should seek good luck and avoid evil in every stage of event development. According to the logic of the three stages of "beginning", "Zhuang" and "investigation" in the development of events, the research train of thought should be carried out in the beginning of the event, and the concept of materialistic dialectical development should be "seen in a few instances"; In the process of the development and expansion of the event, to seek good fortune and avoid the evil, we must "interest time when position", "interest time" is on the basis of "Ming time", "waiting time" on the basis of time together; "when the position" is on the basis of "keeping the position" to maintain the correct, "time" and "position" is inseparable, in order to seek good fortune and avoid evil, we must do at any time. Events should change at the end of the day, and change is the eternal principle of the movement of all things in the universe. One of the four holy ways in Yi Zhuan is the change of the mover. Therefore, we should look at the "good" and "evil" outcome of events from the perspective of development. Man is the most important factor in the whole process of the development of the event. The basic way of seeking good fortune and avoiding evil is the practice of virtue, which should be worshipped in thought, cultivated in action and carefully spoken, so that life can unfold itself smoothly, seeking good fortune and avoiding evil, so as to achieve "self-help from heaven, good without disadvantage"; Thirdly, the theoretical value of studying the thought of "Yi Zhuan" seeking good fortune and avoiding villains lies in clarifying the significance of studying "the Book of changes" from the perspective of life philosophy. Its practical significance is manifesting as a strong enlightenment to the individual in the contemporary market economy in the philosophy of life and ethics.
【学位授予单位】:曲阜师范大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2015
【分类号】:B221

【参考文献】

相关期刊论文 前1条

1 徐丽君;;《周易》中正之道与人生[J];太原理工大学学报(社会科学版);2013年05期



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