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荀子的礼教思想及其现代意义

发布时间:2019-01-08 20:18  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:党的十八大提出,建设优秀传统文化传承体系,弘扬中华优秀传统文化,提升中华文化国际影响力。荀子是战国时期儒家的代表人物,他的礼教思想是中国传统文化的重要组成部分。荀子继承和发展了孔子“礼”的思想,并结合当时的社会实际情况制定出了一套具有积极意义的礼教思想体系。本论文主要通过研究荀子的礼教思想来挖掘其中有益于我国当代思想政治教育的部分。首先,本论文从荀子人性论出发,通过对剖析性、情、欲、心、道之间的关系,提出了圣人制“礼”的由来,以及礼教“化人之性”的作用。其次,通过研究荀子礼教思想,得出荀子实施礼教思想的几种途径:一是依靠学习《礼》、《乐》、《诗》、《春秋》等经典,二是依靠君与师的教化,三是通过个体内省,四是依靠个体实践,五是通过环境来进行潜移默化的教化。荀子认为可以通过以上几种途径来实施礼教,并且运用刑法作为其礼教思想的辅助手段,从而达到以礼节欲,以礼使群,让人们各安其位不相争,提高个人修养和安定社会的目的。最后,荀子“以礼为教”的思想对提高个人修养与树立健康的人生观、价值观有重要的启示作用,对构建我国和谐社会也具有重要的指导作用。
[Abstract]:The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) proposed to build a system of inheriting outstanding traditional culture, carry forward Chinese excellent traditional culture, and enhance the international influence of Chinese culture. Xunzi is the representative figure of Confucianism in warring States period, his thought of etiquette and religion is an important part of Chinese traditional culture. Xunzi inherited and developed Confucius' thought of "rites", and developed a set of thought system of etiquette and education with positive significance according to the actual social conditions at that time. This paper mainly through the study of Xunzi's thought of etiquette to dig out which is beneficial to the contemporary ideological and political education in China. First of all, based on Xunzi's theory of human nature, this paper puts forward the origin of the sage system of "propriety" and the role of ritual education in "transforming human nature" through the relationship between analysis, emotion, desire, heart and Tao. Secondly, through the study of Xunzi's thought of ritual education, it is concluded that Xunzi has several ways to carry out his thought of etiquette: first, by learning classics such as "ritual >," music >, "poem >," Spring and Autumn period "; second, by relying on the enlightenment of monarch and teacher; and third, through individual introspection. The fourth is to rely on individual practice, and the fifth is to imperceptibly inculcate through the environment. Xunzi thought that we can carry out ritual education through the above ways, and use criminal law as the auxiliary means of his thought of etiquette and education, so as to reach the goal of courteous desire, to make the group with rites, and to make people secure their respective positions and not to contend with each other. The purpose of improving personal cultivation and stabilizing society. Finally, Xunzi's thought of "teaching with courtesy" plays an important role in improving personal cultivation and setting up a healthy outlook on life and values, and also plays an important guiding role in building a harmonious society in our country.
【学位授予单位】:华北电力大学(北京)
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2017
【分类号】:B222.6

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