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柏拉图的教育伦理思想研究

发布时间:2019-01-12 11:49
【摘要】:柏拉图为解决战争给雅典城邦带来的各种灾难危机问题,提出一系列的教育伦理思想。他提出太阳喻、线段喻、洞穴喻这三个“理念论”的教育伦理思想构建了一个宏大的理论基础,他主张划分学前教育、初等教育、中等教育、高等教育这四个分段的形式,设计人的一生完整的受教育过程。这四个阶段重点要培养的伦理精神分别是:自由和敬畏精神,勇敢、节制、智慧的美德,理性的逻各斯精神,感恩、正义的美德。他的教育伦理思想也有其特点:教育与政治紧密联系,提倡男女平等,主张人的全面发展,重视艺术的道德教化作用。柏拉图的教育伦理思想后来在欧洲社会乃至世界产生了重大影响,特别是柏拉图学园教育培养了一大波社会贤才以及对亚里士多德产生了启蒙作用。柏拉图的教育伦理思想直到今天依然有它的现代教育意义,启发式教学、提倡终身教育、重视美德教育,这些都是值得今日继续学习的。但他的伦理思想中的轻视平民阶级;提倡国家全面控制教育,忽略从政者人性的完整性的这些部分,也依然值得反思。
[Abstract]:Plato put forward a series of educational ethics thoughts in order to solve all kinds of disaster crisis that the war brought to Athens. He put forward the three "theory of ideas": sun metaphor, line segment metaphor and cave metaphor, which constructed a grand theoretical foundation. He advocated the division of pre-school education, primary education, secondary education and higher education into four subsections: pre-school education, primary education, secondary education, and higher education. The complete process of education in the designer's life. The ethical spirits that should be cultivated in these four stages are the spirit of freedom and awe, the virtues of courage, moderation, wisdom, logos, gratitude and justice. His educational ethics thought also has its own characteristics: education and politics are closely linked, advocating equality between men and women, advocating the all-round development of human beings, and attaching importance to the moral enlightenment role of art. Plato's educational ethics thought had a great influence on European society and even the world, especially the education of Plato's school garden cultivated a large wave of social talents and had an enlightening effect on Aristotle. Plato's educational ethics still has its modern educational significance even today. Heuristic teaching, advocating lifelong education, and attaching importance to virtue education are all worthy of further study today. But these parts of his ethics, which despise the civilian class, advocate the education of the state's total control and neglect the integrity of the political person's human nature, are still worthy of reflection.
【学位授予单位】:广西民族大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2017
【分类号】:B502.232

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