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论王夫之对宋朝士大夫政治文化的批判——以《春秋家说》《读通鉴论》《宋论》为中心的考察

发布时间:2019-05-12 10:18  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:宋高宗一朝执政治文化之牛耳的不是余英时所说的王安石之学,而是以胡安国为代表的《春秋》经学。《春秋胡氏传》上承孙复《春秋尊王发微》和程颐《春秋传》,把尊王安内、君臣之义、礼乐教化置于最高地位,集中体现了宋朝士大夫政治文化的基本特征。王夫之对《春秋胡氏传》的批评,揭示了宋朝士大夫政治文化从"妾妇之道"向"仆妇之道"的转变,不仅在事实层面有助于重新认识被道学歪曲了的宋代历史、据实恢复宋史的本来面目,而且在价值观层面突破了宋儒以尊王压倒攘夷、以文治排斥富强、以君臣之义抑制民族大义的传统观念,确立了攘夷、富强、民族大义至上等适应近代民族国家兴起之历史潮流的新观念,因而具有重要的启蒙意义。
[Abstract]:What Song Gaozong was holding on to the political culture was not the study of Wang Anshi, as Yu Yingshi said, but the study of the Spring and Autumn period, represented by Hu Anguo. "the Story of Hu in the Spring and Autumn period," inherited Sun Fu's "Spring and Autumn Zun Wang Wei" and Cheng Yi's "Spring and Autumn Biography". The respect for Wang Annei, the righteousness of monarch and minister, and the education of propriety and music are placed in the highest position, which embodies the basic characteristics of the political culture of scholars and officials in Song Dynasty. Wang Fuzhi's criticism of the biography of Hu in the Spring and Autumn period reveals the transformation of the political culture of scholar-officials in the Song Dynasty from "the way of concubine and wife" to "the way of servant woman", which not only helps to re-understand the history of the Song Dynasty, which was distorted by Taoism at the de facto level. It is true to restore the true face of the history of the Song Dynasty, and at the level of values, it broke through the traditional concept that the Song Confucianism defeated the people with respect for the king, ruled the country with the rule of literature, suppressed the national justice with the righteousness of the monarch and courtiers, and established the traditional concept of "hustling, rich and strong". The new concept of national righteousness to adapt to the historical trend of the rise of modern nation-state is of great significance to enlightenment.
【作者单位】: 南京大学中国思想家研究中心;
【分类号】:B249.2

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