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简论张积中“圣功”心性思想的意涵

发布时间:2019-08-02 15:18
【摘要】:太谷学派的学术思想及心性涵养工夫统称为"圣功"。作为学派北宗的领袖,张积中的"天道观"、"性体论"、"情欲说",乃至其修养方法等,都是立足于儒学立场,在周太谷相关思想的基础上与佛、道二教相融通的产物。张氏提出的"性无善恶"、"分道曰情"、"以性制情"、"以情通性"等观点,不但推动了太谷学派的心性思想由"天命本体"向"心性本体"的转变,而且为"圣功"增添了新的元素:相对于南宗突出"心息相依",北宗的修养工夫更加强调以"上达之情"来涵养性体,并把合理化地抒发欲望视作其"圣功"修养的基础。张积中是学派北宗"本体论"、"工夫论"建构的关键人物。北宗覆灭后,太谷学派"南、北合宗",张氏的思想仍深刻地影响着太谷学派的学理发展方向。
[Abstract]:The academic thought and mental cultivation time of Taigu School are collectively called "holy work". As the leader of the Northern Zong of the school, Zhang Jizhong's "view of heaven", "theory of nature", "theory of lust", and even his cultivation methods are the products of integration with Buddhism and Taoism on the basis of Zhou Taigu's related thoughts. The viewpoints put forward by Zhang Shi, such as "sex has no good and evil", "divide Tao into emotion", "make love by sex" and "with emotion", not only promote the transformation of Taigu school's mind and nature thought from "destiny Noumenon" to "heart Noumenon", but also add new elements to "holy work". Compared with Southern Zong, Beizong's cultivation time emphasizes more emphasis on cultivating body with "reaching feeling". And reasonable expression of desire as the basis of its "holy work" cultivation. Zhang Jizhong is the key figure in the construction of ontology and workman's theory in the north of the school. After the collapse of the Northern Zong, the thought of Taigu School "South, Bei he Zong" and Zhang's thought still deeply influenced the academic development direction of Taigu School.
【作者单位】: 南京大学哲学系;
【分类号】:B249.9

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1 詹石窗,王日根;儒道德治精神与圣功法门[J];厦门大学学报(哲学社会科学版);2002年01期

2 冯静武;;周易蒙卦“圣功”考论[J];宗教学研究;2010年01期

3 王学钧;;太谷“圣功”之学——太谷学派思想研究之一[J];江苏社联通讯;1988年Z3期



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