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生物学游戏法教学研究

发布时间:2019-01-10 15:17
【摘要】:《基础教育课程改革纲要》(试行,2001年版)提出倡导“以学生为主体、教师为主导”的教育理念,努力转变教师的教学方式和学生的学习方式。游戏是人的天性,是人的一种存在方式。游戏对人的认知发展、情感发展以及社会性的发展具有促进作用,具有极大的价值和意义。而游戏法教学能够充分体现学生在教学中的主体性地位,让学生实实在在地参与到实际的教学活动中来。在生物教学中运用游戏,使教学从学生的兴趣出发,将娱乐性与认知性相结合,引发学生主动参与,积极获取知识、锻炼能力、升华情感、发展学生自主性、能动性和创造性。这种游戏法教学方式符合儿童的天性,适应儿童的发展。教育的最终目的是要促进人的发展(实质是人的主体性的发展)。所以将游戏应用于教学活动中具有极大的实践价值和应用价值。这篇文章首先对游戏和游戏法教学进行了概念界定,并论述了支撑游戏法教学的相关理论。第二,通过研究游戏教学理论与实践,对生物教学中游戏法教学的设计、实施、评价展开了探讨,并在深入研究学生特点和学科特点的基础上对生物学科中的游戏类型进行了归纳和分类,主要包括角色扮演游戏、结构游戏、模拟游戏、数学游戏、观察游戏、美术游戏、文字游戏,并编写了相应的教学案例。第三,以临沂外国语学校八年级(1)班和(4)班学生作为研究对象,运用游戏法进行教学,通过调查,收集并分析数据,对游戏法教学的教学效果进行了分析与评价。结果证明,游戏法教学不仅提高了学生的生物成绩和生物学习兴趣,还促进了学生主体性的发展。最后,对游戏法教学在生物学科教学中的应用进行了反思,如何不断改进和完善游戏法教学,提高学生的学习效率和兴趣,是我们今后努力的方向。本论文的研究结论是生物学游戏法教学可以改变教学方式和学习方式,提高生物教学效果,促进学生主体性的发展。笔者希望本研究,可以为游戏法教学研究在理论和实践的发展上发挥一定的作用,设计的游戏教学实例可以作为生物教师的教学参考。
[Abstract]:The outline of basic Education Curriculum Reform (trial, 2001 Edition) puts forward the educational concept of "student-oriented, teacher-oriented", and tries to change the teaching methods of teachers and the learning methods of students. The game is the human nature, is one kind of human existence way. The game has the promotion function to the human cognition development, the emotion development as well as the social development, has the great value and the significance. The teaching of game method can fully reflect the students' subjective position in teaching, and let students participate in the actual teaching activities. The use of games in biology teaching makes teaching start from students' interests, combine entertainment with cognition, trigger students' active participation, acquire knowledge, exercise ability, sublimate emotion, develop students' autonomy, initiative and creativity. This kind of game teaching method accords with the nature of children and adapts to the development of children. The ultimate purpose of education is to promote the development of human beings (in essence, the development of human subjectivity). Therefore, the application of games in teaching activities has great practical value and application value. This paper first defines the concept of game and game teaching, and discusses the relevant theories supporting game teaching. Secondly, by studying the theory and practice of game teaching, this paper discusses the design, implementation and evaluation of game teaching in biology teaching. And on the basis of in-depth study of the characteristics of students and disciplines, this paper summarizes and classifies the game types in biology, including role-playing game, structure game, simulation game, mathematical game, observation game, art game, etc. The text game, and has written the corresponding teaching case. Thirdly, taking the students of Grade 8 (Class 1) and Class (4) of Linyi Foreign language School as the research objects, using the game method to carry on the teaching, through investigation, collecting and analyzing the data, the teaching effect of the game method teaching is analyzed and evaluated. The results show that the teaching of game method not only improves students' biological achievement and interest in biological learning, but also promotes the development of students' subjectivity. At last, the author reflects on the application of game method teaching in biology teaching. How to improve and perfect the game method teaching and improve the students' learning efficiency and interest is the direction of our efforts in the future. The conclusion of this paper is that the teaching of biological game method can change the teaching and learning methods, improve the effect of biology teaching and promote the development of students' subjectivity. The author hopes that this study can play a certain role in the development of theory and practice in the teaching of game method, and the designed example of game teaching can be used as a reference for the teaching of biology teachers.
【学位授予单位】:山东师范大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2016
【分类号】:G633.91

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