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主题式教学促进学生问题解决能力发展的研究

发布时间:2019-01-12 13:57
【摘要】:在当今这个信息高速发展的社会环境下,人们面临着各种复杂问题的解决。问题解决能力的培养一直是学科教学研究中的热点。随着课程改革的发展,对信息技术课堂教学的探索越来越深入。信息技术课程的总目标是培养学生的信息素养,而信息素养包含的信息意识、信息能力等,最终都体现在信息技术的问题解决上。主题式教学是一种真实情境下的探究式教学模式,学生在主动探究和合作交流中解决问题,实现知识的意义建构。将主题式教学引入高中信息技术课堂,探索其对学生问题解决能力发展的促进作用是有益的尝试。为了检验主题式教学对学生问题解决能力发展的促进作用,本文主要进行了以下几个内容的研究:(1)结合当前教育背景,使用文献研究法查找了跟本研究相关的中外文献,对“主题式教学”、“问题解决教学”和“主题式教学促进问题解决能力发展”作了研究现状分析和综述,提出了本文要研究的问题;(2)在文献梳理的基础上,对“主题式教学”和“问题解决能力”作了概念界定,并分析了本研究的理论基础:建构主义理论、人本主义理论和问题解决理论;(3)在分析了高中信息技术学科实施主题式教学的必要性和可行性后,在对现有主题式教学模式的特征分析的基础上从问题解决的角度构建了适合信息技术课堂的促进问题解决能力发展的主题式教学模式;(4)按照促进学生问题解决能力发展的主题式教学模式,设计开发了主题式学习网站支持教学实验的实施;(5)根据实验方案,选取了淄博市淄川中学高一两个班作为实验班和对照班,采用实验法进行了为期十五周六个主题的教学实验;(6)使用调查法对实验班和对照班的学生进行了教学实验前后的问卷调查并做了数据分析,同时对教学过程和学生的学习成果进行了观察和分析。通过以上研究工作,本文得出了如下的结论:(1)促进学生问题解决能力发展的主题式教学模式,符合问题解决的内在过程和规律,有利于发展问题解决能力;(2)动态化的主题式学习网站能引领学生有效学习,实现交流协作,有助于实现问题解决;(3)主题式教学能有效促进学生问题解决能力的发展。本文从问题解决的角度在信息技术学科实施主题式教学,为信息技术学科的教学研究提供了借鉴。同时,本研究也存在研究样本代表性不强、周课时数少等不足。希望未来的研究能扩大研究对象的范围、完善信息技术问题解决能力的测量,更好的发展学生的问题解决能力。
[Abstract]:With the rapid development of information, people are faced with a variety of complex problems. The cultivation of problem-solving ability has always been a hot spot in subject teaching research. With the development of curriculum reform, the exploration of IT classroom teaching is more and more thorough. The general goal of information technology course is to cultivate students' information literacy, and the information literacy includes information consciousness, information ability and so on, which are embodied in the problem solving of information technology. Subject teaching is a kind of inquiry teaching mode in real situation. Students solve problems in active inquiry and cooperative communication to realize the meaning construction of knowledge. It is a beneficial attempt to introduce themed teaching into high school information technology classroom and explore its promoting effect on the development of students' problem-solving ability. In order to test the role of themed teaching in promoting the development of students' problem-solving ability, this paper mainly studies the following contents: (1) combined with the current educational background, the literature research method is used to find the Chinese and foreign literature related to this study. This paper analyzes and summarizes the research status quo of "thematic teaching", "problem-solving teaching" and "subject-oriented teaching promoting the development of problem-solving ability", and puts forward the problems to be studied in this paper. (2) on the basis of literature review, this paper defines the concepts of "thematic teaching" and "problem-solving ability", and analyzes the theoretical basis of this study: constructivism theory, humanism theory and problem-solving theory; (3) after analyzing the necessity and feasibility of the subject teaching of information technology in senior high school, On the basis of the analysis of the characteristics of the existing thematic teaching model, this paper constructs a thematic teaching model suitable for the information technology classroom to promote the development of problem-solving ability from the perspective of problem-solving. (4) according to the thematic teaching mode of promoting the development of students' problem-solving ability, we designed and developed the theme-based learning website to support the implementation of teaching experiments; (5) according to the experimental scheme, two classes in Zibo City Zichuan Middle School were selected as the experimental class and the control class, and the experimental method was used to carry out the teaching experiment on 15 Saturday topics; (6) using the method of investigation, the students in the experimental class and the control class were investigated by questionnaire before and after the teaching experiment, and the data were analyzed. At the same time, the teaching process and the students' learning results were observed and analyzed. Through the above research work, this paper draws the following conclusions: (1) the thematic teaching model to promote the development of students' problem-solving ability conforms to the inherent process and law of problem-solving, and is beneficial to the development of problem-solving ability; (2) dynamic thematic learning website can lead students to learn effectively, realize communication and cooperation, and help to achieve problem-solving; (3) thematic teaching can effectively promote the development of students' problem-solving ability. From the point of view of problem solving, this paper implements themed teaching in the information technology subject, which provides a reference for the teaching research of the information technology subject. At the same time, there are some shortcomings in this study, such as the lack of representativeness of the study samples and the lack of weekly class hours. Hope that the future research can expand the scope of research objects, improve the measurement of information technology problem-solving ability, and better develop students' problem-solving ability.
【学位授予单位】:山东师范大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2017
【分类号】:G633.67

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